Agenda-Setting Dynamics during COVID-19: Who Leads and Who Follows?
1. The Communication Pattern during Pandemics
2. Intermedia Agenda-Setting
3. Who Sets the Media Agenda?
- RQ1. What were the main topics of discussion on the social media agenda during the first wave of the pandemic?
- RQ2. What were the main topics of discussions on the media agenda during the first wave of the pandemic?
- RQ3. Do news articles predict social media posts or is it vice versa?
Spread of COVID-19: posts and articles that fall within this category discuss the initial outbreak and its subsequent spread among countries, signs and symptoms of COVID-19 and modes of transmission;Prevention and control: tweets and news articles that fall within this category discuss what actions should be taken to prevent the virus from spreading and how COVID-19 should be treated;Government response: tweets and news articles that report the measures taken by the government to lower the transmission and spread of the coronavirus, as well as the attitudes towards these decisions;Fear and death: this category comprises news articles and Twitter posts that raise tension by emphasizing the number of people dead or the dire consequences of the spread of the disease;Disinformation: comprises stories and posts that contain or try to expose misinformation, lies, rumours and myths about the spread, treatment or effects of COVID-19;Effect on daily life: stories and posts in this category discuss COVID-19’s impact on our daily lives, its effects on economy, culture, education, sports and tourism, as well express emotions towards COVID-19 or the measures taken by the government.
6. Discussion and Conclusions
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
|Name of Media||Number of Articles|
According to the by-law of the Crisis Management Council, the Crisis Management Council is a coordinating institution, the objective of the operation of which is to ensure coordinated actions of state and local government institutions in taking measures for the prevention and suppression of danger to the state, as well as measures for the liquidation of consequences caused thereby.
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|Model 1||Model 2|
|Change in article mentions||Change in tweet mentions||Change in article mentions||Change in tweet mentions|
|Change in article mentions, lag 2||−0.43 c||−0.16 c||−0.56 c||−0.16 c|
|Change in tweet mentions, lag 2||0.26 †|
|Change in article mentions, lag 4||−0.24 c||−0.14 c||−0.26 c||−0.14 c|
|ISaturday||−58.88 b||−58.48 b|
|ISunday||−177.92 c||−81.51 c||−177.27 c||−81.51 c|
|IMonday||−83.38 c||−56 c||−87.41 c||−56 c|
|ITuesday||83.63 c||33.57 a||82.08 c||33.57 a|
|Correlation of residuals||0.69||0.70|
|Box-Ljung test Χ2 for the residuals, 15 lags||17.8, p = 0.27||22.0, p = 0.11||17.7, p = 0.28||22.0, p = 0.11|
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Šķestere, L.; Darģis, R. Agenda-Setting Dynamics during COVID-19: Who Leads and Who Follows? Soc. Sci. 2022, 11, 556. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11120556
Šķestere L, Darģis R. Agenda-Setting Dynamics during COVID-19: Who Leads and Who Follows? Social Sciences. 2022; 11(12):556. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11120556Chicago/Turabian Style
Šķestere, Lāsma, and Roberts Darģis. 2022. "Agenda-Setting Dynamics during COVID-19: Who Leads and Who Follows?" Social Sciences 11, no. 12: 556. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11120556