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Article

Determinants of the Arab Spring Protests in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya: What Have We Learned?

Department of Economics, Lebanese American University, Beirut P.O. Box. 13-5053, Lebanon
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Timo Kivimaki and Rana Jawad
Soc. Sci. 2021, 10(8), 282; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10080282
Received: 2 June 2021 / Revised: 14 July 2021 / Accepted: 15 July 2021 / Published: 23 July 2021
This paper provides empirical evidence on the determinants of protest participation in Arab Spring countries that witnessed major uprisings and in which social unrest was most pronounced. Namely, this paper investigates the latter in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya using a micro-level data survey, the Arab Transformation Survey (2015). The findings of our probit regression analysis reveal that gender, trust in government, corruption concern, and social media usage have influenced the individual’s perception of protest activism. We find evidence that the role of economic factors was inconsistent, whereas political grievances were more clearly related to the motive to participate in the uprisings. We then control for country-specific effects whereby results show that citizens in each country showed different characteristics of participation. The findings of this research would set the ground for governments to better assess the health of their societies and be a model of governance in the Middle East. View Full-Text
Keywords: Arab Spring; participation; protesting; probit model Arab Spring; participation; protesting; probit model
MDPI and ACS Style

Barakat, Z.; Fakih, A. Determinants of the Arab Spring Protests in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya: What Have We Learned? Soc. Sci. 2021, 10, 282. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10080282

AMA Style

Barakat Z, Fakih A. Determinants of the Arab Spring Protests in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya: What Have We Learned? Social Sciences. 2021; 10(8):282. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10080282

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barakat, Zahraa, and Ali Fakih. 2021. "Determinants of the Arab Spring Protests in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya: What Have We Learned?" Social Sciences 10, no. 8: 282. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10080282

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