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Towards Understanding Post-Socialist Migrants’ Access to Physical Activity in the Nordic Region: A Critical Realist Integrative Review

School of Social Sciences, Södertörn University, Alfred Nobels Allé 7, 14189 Huddinge, Sweden
Academic Editor: Carlos Teixeira
Soc. Sci. 2021, 10(12), 452; https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10120452
Received: 13 October 2021 / Revised: 18 November 2021 / Accepted: 23 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section International Migration)
Experiences of, and access and barriers to, physical activity (PA) differ between individuals. This becomes perpetuated in a migration context. Although there is super-diversity between migrant groups, health research rarely accounts for this cultural diversity. More concerningly, the matter of context is rarely scrutinized or juxtaposed with the specifics of certain ethnic groups. This integrative review assessed the evidence on post-socialist migrants’ PA levels, constraints, and enablers for PA in the Nordic region. The results show that post-socialist female migrants have an especially high risk of being physically inactive. The qualitative work elucidates socio-cultural factors that impose specific constraints on females when attempting to engage in PA. Furthermore, in scrutinizing the context, Nordic nature (Friluftsliv) is a viable way for migrants to access PA with additional health benefits (e.g., mental). However, the Nordic environment also poses specific PA challenges, such as harsh winters. This can be understood by considering post-socialist migrants’ prior use of, and attitude to, nature. The review highlights the importance of understanding specifics about both migrant groups and contexts through a critical-realist lens in the pursuit of providing PA opportunities. Future PA programs need to understand the contextual, sociohistorical, and cultural settings in which they and migrants are embedded. View Full-Text
Keywords: post-socialist migrants; physical activity; Nordic nature; mental health post-socialist migrants; physical activity; Nordic nature; mental health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mickelsson, T.B. Towards Understanding Post-Socialist Migrants’ Access to Physical Activity in the Nordic Region: A Critical Realist Integrative Review. Soc. Sci. 2021, 10, 452. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10120452

AMA Style

Mickelsson TB. Towards Understanding Post-Socialist Migrants’ Access to Physical Activity in the Nordic Region: A Critical Realist Integrative Review. Social Sciences. 2021; 10(12):452. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10120452

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mickelsson, Tony Blomqvist. 2021. "Towards Understanding Post-Socialist Migrants’ Access to Physical Activity in the Nordic Region: A Critical Realist Integrative Review" Social Sciences 10, no. 12: 452. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci10120452

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