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Architectural Design: Sustainability in the Decision-Making Process
Open AccessArticle

A Holistic Decision Support Tool for Facade Design

Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Bahcesehir University, 34353 Istanbul, Turkey
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Istanbul Technical University, 34437 Istanbul, Turkey
Architectural Facades & Products Research Group, Department of Architectural Engineering + Technology, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Delft University of Technology, 2628BL Delft, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Buildings 2019, 9(8), 186;
Received: 9 June 2019 / Revised: 5 August 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 14 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Building Design: Robust and Human Centered)
This paper presents a holistic decision support tool developed for use during the early stages of facade design. The tool is based on the interdependent relationships between facade performance, facade parameters, and conditions (environmental and spatial). It assumes that a decision maker has the ability to enhance the performance of a facade by making proper decisions on the design parameters in line with the conditions. However, since facade performance has various aspects (sometimes conflicting) to be considered at once, it is hard to predict the impacts of decisions on the overall performance. A single design decision may increase the performance in one aspect while decreasing it in other aspects. The tool aims to function as a guide to decision makers by indicating the impacts of design decisions on different functional aspects of facade performance from a holistic point of view. Functional requirements included within the tool are safety requirements such as structural stability and fire protection, health-related requirements such as weather protection (protection against water, air, and moisture), and requirements related to the well-being of the users such as thermal, visual, and acoustic comfort. Information provided in the tool is based upon an extensive literature review and structured as an Excel spreadsheet. View Full-Text
Keywords: facade design; facade performance; decision-making; decision support tool; holistic design facade design; facade performance; decision-making; decision support tool; holistic design
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Kültür, S.; Türkeri, N.; Knaack, U. A Holistic Decision Support Tool for Facade Design. Buildings 2019, 9, 186.

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