Next Article in Journal
Thermal Performance Evaluation of Common Exterior Residential Wall Types in Egypt
Previous Article in Journal
Major Factors Causing Delay in the Delivery of Manufacturing and Building Projects in Saudi Arabia
Open AccessArticle

Indoor/Outdoor Environmental Parameters and Window-Opening Behavior: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washington, Campus Box 352700, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
2
Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, University of Washington, Campus Box 352650, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Buildings 2019, 9(4), 94; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings9040094
Received: 21 February 2019 / Revised: 16 April 2019 / Accepted: 17 April 2019 / Published: 20 April 2019
In moderate climates, the operation of windows is the most common way to control for thermal comfort. Window-opening behavior (WOB) is a complex process influenced by multiple factors, yet only simple bi-variate analyses between variables obtained from longitudinal datasets have been examined. The goal of this study is to investigate the effects of indoor and outdoor environmental parameters on WOB using a statistical modeling approach called “structural equation modeling.” The results show that the indoor environmental parameters, such as operative temperature and air velocity, mediated the relationship between the outdoor environmental parameters, such as outdoor air temperature and wind gust, and the WOB. The indoor wet-bulb globe temperature rose as the solar radiation increased, and subsequently, both parameters affected the WOB. Also, an increase in outdoor wind gust led to higher indoor air velocity, which in turn resulted in a lower chance of occupants opening the window. By enhancing our understanding of the relationship between these theoretical parameters, improved design strategies on the mediating parameters can be prioritized and communicated early in the building design phase leading to more informed design decisions. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupant behavior; window opening; thermal comfort; indoor environment; structural equation modeling occupant behavior; window opening; thermal comfort; indoor environment; structural equation modeling
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, A.; Wang, S.; Kim, J.-E.; Reed, D. Indoor/Outdoor Environmental Parameters and Window-Opening Behavior: A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis. Buildings 2019, 9, 94.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop