Next Article in Journal
Investigating the Physical Characteristics of Non-Structural Lightweight Aggregate Blocks of Built with Region Materials
Next Article in Special Issue
Thermochromic Oxide-Based Thin Films and Nanoparticle Composites for Energy-Efficient Glazings
Previous Article in Journal
Side-View Atmospheres under Outdoor Midday High Luminance
Previous Article in Special Issue
Three-Dimensional Heat Transfer Analysis of Metal Fasteners in Roofing Assemblies
Article Menu
Issue 1 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Buildings 2017, 7(1), 1;

Monitoring a Pre-Normative Multi-Family Housing Case-Study in a Mediterranean Climate

Instituto Universitario de Arquitectura y Ciencias de la Construcción, Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura, Universidad de Sevilla, Av. de Reina Mercedes, 2, 41012 Sevilla, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cinzia Buratti
Received: 19 September 2016 / Revised: 11 December 2016 / Accepted: 15 December 2016 / Published: 23 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Building Refurbishment and Energy Performance)
Full-Text   |   PDF [21077 KB, uploaded 23 December 2016]   |  


In Spain, a significant percentage of the residential building stock presents deficient indoor conditions regarding current energy standards, due to having been constructed before the Norma Básica de la Edificación in 1979 (NBE CT 79) regarding thermal conditions in buildings. Current environmental policies pursue a cut in energy consumption and seek improvements in indoor conditions by refurbishing current stock, mainly that constructed between 1950 and 1980. Before any retrofitting action, housing monitoring has become essential for a better understanding of real and passive environmental behavior. This paper aims to present the monitoring in hourly intervals, real-time and post-occupancy conditions of a residential building in Seville, built in the 1950s and belonging to national heritage. The results obtained show major discrepancies between thermal indoor data collected and comfort conditions, both in summer and winter, which are solved by the sporadic use of cooling and heating devices present in the dwellings, thus leading to less energy consumption than expected. This is a common occurrence in multi-family housing units from the Mediterranean arc: there are many periods of the year in which a vast number of the population lives in poor energy conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: monitoring; energy refurbishment; energy demand; adaptive comfort monitoring; energy refurbishment; energy demand; adaptive comfort

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Blázquez, T.; Suárez, R.; Sendra, J.J. Monitoring a Pre-Normative Multi-Family Housing Case-Study in a Mediterranean Climate. Buildings 2017, 7, 1.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Buildings EISSN 2075-5309 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top