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Open AccessArticle

Application of a New Dynamic Heating System Model Using a Range of Common Control Strategies

Department of Mechanical & Construction Engineering, Northumbria University, Newcastle NE1 8ST, UK
DesignBuilder Software Limited, Stroud GL5 2AD, UK
Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3NB, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David Arditi
Buildings 2016, 6(2), 23;
Received: 23 March 2016 / Revised: 24 May 2016 / Accepted: 27 May 2016 / Published: 3 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modelling of Heating and Cooling in Buildings)
This research investigates the overall heating energy consumptions using various control strategies, secondary heat emitters, and primary plant for a building. Previous research has successfully demonstrated that a dynamic distributed heat emitter model embedded within a simplified third-order lumped parameter building model is capable of achieving improved results when compared to other commercially available modelling tools. With the enhanced ability to capture transient effects of emitter thermal capacity, this research studies the influence of control strategies and primary plant configurations on the rate of energy consumption of a heating system. Four alternative control strategies are investigated: zone feedback; weather-compensated; a combination of both of these methods; and thermostatic control. The plant alternative configurations consist of conventional boilers, biomass boilers, and heat pumps supporting radiator heating and underfloor heating. The performance of the model is tested on a primary school building and can be applied to any residential or commercial building with a heating system. Results show that the new methods reported offer greater detail and rigor in the conduct of building energy modelling. View Full-Text
Keywords: lumped parameter; heating system; dynamic model; building energy lumped parameter; heating system; dynamic model; building energy
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Fong, J.; Edge, J.; Underwood, C.; Tindale, A.; Potter, S.; Du, H. Application of a New Dynamic Heating System Model Using a Range of Common Control Strategies. Buildings 2016, 6, 23.

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