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Open AccessArticle

Integration of Building Information Modeling and Critical Path Method Schedules to Simulate the Impact of Temperature and Humidity at the Project Level

1
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Oklahoma State University, 207 Engineering South, Stillwater, OK 74074, USA
2
Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering, University of Colorado at Boulder, 428 UCB, 1111 Engineering Drive, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Buildings 2014, 4(3), 295-319; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings4030295
Received: 1 April 2014 / Revised: 8 May 2014 / Accepted: 16 June 2014 / Published: 1 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Future Directions in Building Information Modeling)
Steel construction activities are often undertaken in an environment with limited climate control. Both hot and cold temperatures can physically and psychologically affect construction workers, thus decreasing their productivity. Temperature and humidity are two factors that constantly exert forces on workers and influence their performance and efficiency. Previous studies have established a relationship between labor productivity and temperature and humidity. This research is built on the existing body of knowledge and develops a framework of integrating building information modeling (BIM) with a lower level critical path method (CPM) schedule to simulate the overall impact of temperature and humidity on a healthcare facility’s structural steel installation project in terms of total man hours required to build the project. This research effort utilized historical weather data of four cities across the U.S., with each city having workable seasons year-round and conducted a baseline assessment to test if various project starting dates and locations could significantly impact the project’s schedule performance. It was found that both varied project start dates and locations can significantly contribute to the difference in the man hours required to build the model project and that the project start date and location can have an interaction effect. This study contributes to the overall body of knowledge by providing a framework that can help practitioners better understand the overall impact of a productivity influencing factor at a project level, in order to facilitate better decision making. View Full-Text
Keywords: building information modeling; temperature; humidity; productivity; CPM schedule; structural steel; simulation building information modeling; temperature; humidity; productivity; CPM schedule; structural steel; simulation
MDPI and ACS Style

Shan, Y.; Goodrum, P.M. Integration of Building Information Modeling and Critical Path Method Schedules to Simulate the Impact of Temperature and Humidity at the Project Level. Buildings 2014, 4, 295-319.

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