Next Article in Journal
Design Framework and Principles for Learning Environment Co-Design: Synthesis from Literature and Three Empirical Studies
Previous Article in Journal
Integration of Smart Pavement Data with Decision Support Systems: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Influence of the Visitor Walking on Airflow and the Bioaerosol Particles in Typical Open Tomb Chambers: An Experimental and Case Study
Article

Seismic Resistance of Timber Frames with Mud and Stone Infill Walls in a Chinese Traditional Village Dwelling

1
Faculty of Architecture, Civil and Transportation Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
2
Beijing Institute of Housing and Urban-Rural Construction Science and Technology, Beijing 101160, China
3
Research Institute of Wood Industry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
4
School of Civil and Transportation Engineering, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Beijing 100044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paula Lopez-Arce and Ainara Zornoza-Indart
Buildings 2021, 11(12), 580; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11120580 (registering DOI)
Received: 22 October 2021 / Revised: 18 November 2021 / Accepted: 22 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
Traditional Chinese wood residences consist of timber frames with masonry infill walls or other types of infill, representing valuable heritage. A field investigation of traditional village dwellings in northern China consisting of timber frames with mud and stone infill walls was conducted. Their construction characteristics are reported, and static cyclic tests were performed on two full-size wood-stone hybrid walls with different configurations (exterior transverse wall and internal transverse wall) and no openings (doors or windows). Their failure mechanics and seismic capacity, i.e., the strength, stiffness, ductility, and energy dissipation, were investigated. The results are compared with a previous experimental study of two full-size timber frames with the same traditional structure but no infill to determine the effect of the mud and stone infill on the lateral resistance. The experimental results indicate that the stone infill has a critical influence on the lateral performance of traditional village buildings, resulting in a high lateral stiffness, high strength (>20 kN), and a high ductility ratio (>10). An increase in the vertical load leads to an increase in the lateral resistance of the timber frame with infill walls, larger for the internal transverse wall than the external gable wall. The incompatibility of the deformation between the timber frame and stone infill is the main failure reason, resulting in falling stones and collapse with undamaged timber frames. Suggestions are provided for the protection and repair of traditional wood residences in northern China. View Full-Text
Keywords: timber frame; mud and stone infill; traditional village dwelling; mortise and tenon; seismic behavior timber frame; mud and stone infill; traditional village dwelling; mortise and tenon; seismic behavior
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Shen, Y.; Yan, X.; Yu, P.; Liu, H.; Wu, G.; He, W. Seismic Resistance of Timber Frames with Mud and Stone Infill Walls in a Chinese Traditional Village Dwelling. Buildings 2021, 11, 580. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11120580

AMA Style

Shen Y, Yan X, Yu P, Liu H, Wu G, He W. Seismic Resistance of Timber Frames with Mud and Stone Infill Walls in a Chinese Traditional Village Dwelling. Buildings. 2021; 11(12):580. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11120580

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shen, Yinlan, Xingchen Yan, Piyong Yu, Hui Liu, Guofang Wu, and Wei He. 2021. "Seismic Resistance of Timber Frames with Mud and Stone Infill Walls in a Chinese Traditional Village Dwelling" Buildings 11, no. 12: 580. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11120580

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop