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Design for Novel Hot-Work Die Steel by Thermodynamic Calculation and Microstructural Examination

1
State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
2
School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
3
Institute for Advanced Materials and Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(7), 805; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9070805
Received: 26 June 2019 / Revised: 18 July 2019 / Accepted: 18 July 2019 / Published: 22 July 2019
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Abstract

In this paper, a new type of hot-work die steel with excellent high-temperature mechanical properties at 700 °C was designed based on the traditional 25Cr3Mo3NiNb steel with the help of Thermo-calc software. The effects of C, Cr, Mo, W and V on the types and mass fractions of carbides were studied. Phase diagram calculation revealed that with the increase of V and W contents and the decrease of Cr content, the precipitation temperature and the mass fraction of M23C6 carbides decreased. Meanwhile, the mass fraction of MC carbides increased as the Mo content decreased. Based on the thermodynamic calculation, new material 25Cr3Mo2NiWVNb steel was designed. Compared to the 25Cr3Mo3NiNb steel, more finely dispersed MC and M2C carbides with high thermal stability, as well as fewer M23C6 carbides with low thermal stability, were precipitated in the new steel. The high-temperature tensile showed that the new steel showed high thermal stability and strength even at 700 °C. The high-temperature strengthening effect might be ascribed to the fine and stable nano-scale MC and M2C carbides which precipitated during tempering. View Full-Text
Keywords: alloy design; hot-work die steel; high-temperature strength; nanocarbide; thermodynamic calculation alloy design; hot-work die steel; high-temperature strength; nanocarbide; thermodynamic calculation
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Zhang, Z.; Zhang, J.; Yao, Z.; Xie, G.; Lian, Y.; Ma, M.; Zhao, C.; Huang, J. Design for Novel Hot-Work Die Steel by Thermodynamic Calculation and Microstructural Examination. Metals 2019, 9, 805.

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