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Improving Strength and Ductility of a Mg-3.7Al-1.8Ca-0.4Mn Alloy with Refined and Dispersed Al2Ca Particles by Industrial-Scale ECAP Processing

1
College of Mechanics and Materials, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China
2
Suqian Research Institute, Hohai University, Suqian 223800, China
3
Ocean and Coastal Engineering Research Institute, Hohai University, Nantong 226300, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(7), 767; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9070767
Received: 24 June 2019 / Revised: 5 July 2019 / Accepted: 8 July 2019 / Published: 9 July 2019
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Abstract

Tailoring the morphology and distribution of the Al2Ca second phase is important for improving mechanical properties of Al2Ca-containing Mg-Al-Ca based alloys. This work employed the industrial-scale multi-pass rotary-die equal channel angular pressing (RD-ECAP) on an as-cast Mg-3.7Al-1.8Ca-0.4Mn (wt %) alloy and investigated its microstructure evolution and mechanical properties under three different processing parameters. The obtained results showed that RD-ECAP was effective for refining the microstructure and breaking the network-shaped Al2Ca phase. With the increase of the ECAP number and decrease of the processing temperature, the average sizes of Al2Ca particles decreased obviously, and the dispersion of the Al2Ca phase became more uniform. In addition, more ECAP passes and lower processing temperature resulted in finer α-Mg grains. Tensile test results indicated that the 573 K-12p alloy with the finest and most dispersed Al2Ca particles exhibited superior mechanical properties with tensile yield strength of 304 MPa, ultimate tensile strength of 354 MPa and elongation of 10.3%. The improved comprehensive mechanical performance could be attributed to refined DRX grains, nano-sized Mg17Al12 precipitates and dispersed Al2Ca particles, where the refined and dispersed Al2Ca particles played a more dominant role in strengthening the alloys. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mg-3.7Al-1.8Ca-0.4Mn alloy; Al2Ca phase; equal channel angular pressing; refinement; mechanical properties Mg-3.7Al-1.8Ca-0.4Mn alloy; Al2Ca phase; equal channel angular pressing; refinement; mechanical properties
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wang, C.; Ma, A.; Sun, J.; Zhuo, X.; Huang, H.; Liu, H.; Yang, Z.; Jiang, J. Improving Strength and Ductility of a Mg-3.7Al-1.8Ca-0.4Mn Alloy with Refined and Dispersed Al2Ca Particles by Industrial-Scale ECAP Processing. Metals 2019, 9, 767.

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