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Metals 2019, 9(3), 362; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9030362

Study on Intensification Behavior of Bismuth Ions on Gold Cyanide Leaching

School of Minerals Processing and Bioengineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
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Received: 16 February 2019 / Revised: 11 March 2019 / Accepted: 15 March 2019 / Published: 20 March 2019
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Abstract

Gold cyanide leaching is inefficient with conventional cyanidation. Bismuth ions can improve the efficiency of gold cyanidation by intensifying gold dissolution. The electrochemical behavior, structure information, and surface product of gold anodic dissolution were studied during the intensification of bismuth ions on gold cyanide leaching. The electrochemical analysis showed that the bismuth ions can not only improve anode current density, but also make gold dissolve at a lower potential, increase the corrosion current and intensify gold anodic dissolution. The microstructure analysis showed that bismuth ions intensified the cyanide corrosion of the gold surface, causing a large number of loose honeycombs, gullies, pits, and large holes on the gold surface. The XPS, FT-IR, and Raman analysis showed that there is weak information of C≡N in the spectrum of Bi intensification contrasting to that of conventional cyanidation. Cyanide compounds may be the insoluble AuCNads, which does not deposit on the surface of gold plate after Bi intensification cyanidation. The insoluble intermediate AuCNads is likely to react promptly with CN- to form soluble Au(CN ) 2 , making less insoluble AuCNads deposits on the gold surface. Therefore, bismuth ions can promote the dissolution of insoluble AuCNads, prevents its passivation film to cover around the gold plate, keeps cyanide good contact with gold, and finally accelerates the cyanide dissolution of gold. View Full-Text
Keywords: gold dissolution; bismuth ions; gold cyanidation; intensification; electrochemical; microstructure; passivation film gold dissolution; bismuth ions; gold cyanidation; intensification; electrochemical; microstructure; passivation film
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Yang, Y.; Lai, M.; Zhong, Q.; Li, Q.; Xu, B.; Jiang, T. Study on Intensification Behavior of Bismuth Ions on Gold Cyanide Leaching. Metals 2019, 9, 362.

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