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Metals 2019, 9(3), 355; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9030355

Numerical and Experimental Investigation of the Heat Input Effect on the Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Dissimilar Weld Joints of 690-MPa QT and TMCP Steel

1
Laboratory of Welding Technology, Lappeenranta University of Technology, P.O. Box 20, 53851 Lappeenranta, Finland
2
Welding and Laser Technologies Laboratory, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, 195251 St. Petersburg, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 February 2019 / Revised: 11 March 2019 / Accepted: 15 March 2019 / Published: 20 March 2019
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Abstract

The study evaluates numerically and experimentally the effect of welding heat input parameters on the microstructure and hardness of the heat-affected zone (HAZ) of quenched and tempered (QT) and thermo-mechanically controlled process (TMCP) 690-MPa high-strength steel. Numerical analyses and experimental comparisons were applied using three heat input values (10, 14, and 17 kJ/cm) in order to predict the thermal fields during welding. Experimental analysis was carried out of the microstructure and microhardness behavior in different HAZ areas. The numerical values indicate that the maximum respective values of temperature measured in QT steel and TMCP steel were about 1300 and 1200 °C for a heat input of 10 kJ/cm, 1400 and 1300 °C for a heat input of 14 kJ/cm, and 1600 and 1450 °C for a heat input of 17 kJ/cm. The cooling times resulted, for a heat input of 10 kJ/cm, in numerical t8/5 (14.5 s) and experimental (18.84 s) increases in hardness in the coarse-grain heat-affected zone (CGHAZ) of the QT steel (317 HV0.1), due to the formation of bainite and lath martensite structures with grain growth. Decreased hardness in the CGHAZ of TMCP steel (240 HV0.1) was caused by primary recrystallization of the microstructure and the formation of more equilibrium products of austenite decomposition. Increasing the heat input (14 to 17 kJ/cm) led to numerical t8/5 (29 s) and experimental (36 s) decreases in hardness in the CGHAZ of QT steel (270 HV0.1) due to the full austenite (thermal weld cycle), and maintained the relative value of TMCP steel (235 HV0.1). View Full-Text
Keywords: thermo-mechanically controlled process steel; quenched and tempered steel; microstructure thermo-mechanically controlled process steel; quenched and tempered steel; microstructure
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Njock Bayock, F.; Kah, P.; Layus, P.; Karkhin, V. Numerical and Experimental Investigation of the Heat Input Effect on the Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Dissimilar Weld Joints of 690-MPa QT and TMCP Steel. Metals 2019, 9, 355.

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