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Metals 2019, 9(2), 260; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9020260

Burnishing of FSW Aluminum Al–Cu–Li Components

1
CFAA, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Parque Tecnológico de Zamudio 202, 48170 Bilbao, Spain
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Nieves Cano 12, 01006 Vitoria, Spain
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Alameda de Urquijo s/n, 48013 Bilbao, Spain
4
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Plaza Europa 1, 20018 San Sebastián, Spain
5
Constellium, Tupolevlaan 41-61, 1119 NW Schiphol-Rijk, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 January 2019 / Revised: 15 February 2019 / Accepted: 17 February 2019 / Published: 21 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Processes and Machine Tools for Advanced Metal Alloys)
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Abstract

Ball-burnishing is presented herein as a mechanical surface treatment for improving mechanical properties after the friction stir welding process. Ball-burnishing provides good surface finish, high compressive residual stresses, and a hardness increase of the surface layer. These characteristics are key for the fatigue life improvement of the component, and for wear resistance due to the higher hardness. This work presents a complete analysis of surface and sub-surface hardness values focusing on the determination of each process parameter influence. Burnishing pressure, radial width, and burnishing direction influence were analyzed. The tested material was 2050 aluminum alloy with two different heat treatments (T3 and T8). The optimum parameters were established, and a complete analysis of the surface hardness was performed. Results show that burnishing is an economical and feasible mechanical treatment for the quality improvement of component surfaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: ball-burnishing; friction stir welding; aluminum; hardness ball-burnishing; friction stir welding; aluminum; hardness
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Rodríguez, A.; Calleja, A.; López de Lacalle, L.N.; Pereira, O.; González, H.; Urbikain, G.; Laye, J. Burnishing of FSW Aluminum Al–Cu–Li Components. Metals 2019, 9, 260.

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