Fabrication of Functionally Graded Materials Using Aluminum Alloys via Hot Extrusion
AbstractIn this study, we have attempted to manufacture functionally graded materials (FGMs) using aluminum alloys 3003 and 6063 via a hot extrusion process to realize multifunctionality through achieving high strength and low weight. The FGMs were fabricated using Al3003 powder and Al6063 bulk to improve the interfacial properties. Particle size analysis and X-ray fluorescence of the Al3003 powder were used to analyze the composition of general Al3003; microstructure analysis revealed improved hardness with almost no defects, such as cracks at the interface between the two materials. The experimentally determined tensile strength of the composite was observed to be higher than the theoretical value calculated using the rule of mixtures; the strengthening mechanisms considered for the calculations were grain size reduction and precipitation hardening. In particular, we attempted to predict the strengthening effect resulting from the fine grain size of the powder and grain size reduction due to the extrusion process using the Hall–Petch equation. The Kelly–Tyson equation was also used to calculate the theoretical strength in the presence of the strengthening phases. Based on these results, it was confirmed that FGMs can be successfully produced using the hot extrusion process. View Full-Text
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Kim, D.; Park, K.; Chang, M.; Joo, S.; Hong, S.; Cho, S.; Kwon, H. Fabrication of Functionally Graded Materials Using Aluminum Alloys via Hot Extrusion. Metals 2019, 9, 210.
Kim D, Park K, Chang M, Joo S, Hong S, Cho S, Kwon H. Fabrication of Functionally Graded Materials Using Aluminum Alloys via Hot Extrusion. Metals. 2019; 9(2):210.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kim, Dasom; Park, Kwangjae; Chang, Minwoo; Joo, Sungwook; Hong, Sanghwui; Cho, Seungchan; Kwon, Hansang. 2019. "Fabrication of Functionally Graded Materials Using Aluminum Alloys via Hot Extrusion." Metals 9, no. 2: 210.
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