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Metals 2019, 9(2), 193; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9020193

Effect of Bubbles on Crystallization Behavior of CaO–SiO2 Based Slags

1,2
,
1,2,*
,
1,2
,
1,2
,
1,2
and
1,2,3
1
College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
2
Chongqing Key Laboratory of Vanadium-Titanium Metallurgy and New Materials, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
3
The State Key Laboratory of Mechanical Transmission, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2018 / Revised: 30 January 2019 / Accepted: 31 January 2019 / Published: 7 February 2019
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Abstract

Surface longitudinal cracks are a serious problem and particularly prevalent in the casting of peritectic steel (carbon content between 0.10%C and 0.18%C, non-alloyed). It is usually alleviated by controlling the horizontal heat transfer from the steel shell to the mold through increasing the crystallization performance of slags. In the actual continuous casting process, a large number of bubbles are formed in the molten slags, and the crystallization properties of the mold fluxes are affected by bubbles. Therefore, an investigation of the influence of bubbles on the crystallization performance of mold fluxes was carried out by applying the hot thermocouple technique and it is hoped that surface longitudinal cracks can be solved in this way in the peritectic steel casting process. The continuous cooling transformation (CCT) diagrams and time–temperature transformation (TTT) diagrams were constructed for an analysis of the crystallization kinetics. The results showed that the crystallization ability of mold fluxes was enhanced by adding bubbles through shortening the incubation time of crystallization, increasing the critical cooling rate, and decreasing the activation energy of crystallization. As a result, the crystalline fraction, slag film thickness, and surface roughness of the slag films were improved, but the crystalline phase was not affected by bubbles. With an increase of the bubble content remaining in the molten slag, the growth mechanism of the cuspidine crystal phase changed from a low dimension to a high dimension, and the content of the molten slag’s structure unit (Q1) needed for cuspidine in the molten slag was markedly increased. View Full-Text
Keywords: molten slags; bubbles; crystallization property; microstructure; crystallization kinetics molten slags; bubbles; crystallization property; microstructure; crystallization kinetics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Gu, S.; Wen, G.; Ding, Z.; Guo, J.; Tang, P.; Liu, Q. Effect of Bubbles on Crystallization Behavior of CaO–SiO2 Based Slags. Metals 2019, 9, 193.

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