Effect of Bubbles on Crystallization Behavior of CaO–SiO2 Based Slags
AbstractSurface longitudinal cracks are a serious problem and particularly prevalent in the casting of peritectic steel (carbon content between 0.10%C and 0.18%C, non-alloyed). It is usually alleviated by controlling the horizontal heat transfer from the steel shell to the mold through increasing the crystallization performance of slags. In the actual continuous casting process, a large number of bubbles are formed in the molten slags, and the crystallization properties of the mold fluxes are affected by bubbles. Therefore, an investigation of the influence of bubbles on the crystallization performance of mold fluxes was carried out by applying the hot thermocouple technique and it is hoped that surface longitudinal cracks can be solved in this way in the peritectic steel casting process. The continuous cooling transformation (CCT) diagrams and time–temperature transformation (TTT) diagrams were constructed for an analysis of the crystallization kinetics. The results showed that the crystallization ability of mold fluxes was enhanced by adding bubbles through shortening the incubation time of crystallization, increasing the critical cooling rate, and decreasing the activation energy of crystallization. As a result, the crystalline fraction, slag film thickness, and surface roughness of the slag films were improved, but the crystalline phase was not affected by bubbles. With an increase of the bubble content remaining in the molten slag, the growth mechanism of the cuspidine crystal phase changed from a low dimension to a high dimension, and the content of the molten slag’s structure unit (Q1) needed for cuspidine in the molten slag was markedly increased. View Full-Text
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Gu, S.; Wen, G.; Ding, Z.; Guo, J.; Tang, P.; Liu, Q. Effect of Bubbles on Crystallization Behavior of CaO–SiO2 Based Slags. Metals 2019, 9, 193.
Gu S, Wen G, Ding Z, Guo J, Tang P, Liu Q. Effect of Bubbles on Crystallization Behavior of CaO–SiO2 Based Slags. Metals. 2019; 9(2):193.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gu, Shaopeng; Wen, Guanghua; Ding, Zequan; Guo, Junli; Tang, Ping; Liu, Qiang. 2019. "Effect of Bubbles on Crystallization Behavior of CaO–SiO2 Based Slags." Metals 9, no. 2: 193.
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