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Simulation and Experimental Comparison of Laser Impact Welding with a Plasma Pressure Model

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science, The University of Texas at Dallas, 800 W. Campbell Rd., Richardson, TX 75080, USA
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Metals 2019, 9(11), 1196; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9111196
Received: 7 October 2019 / Revised: 27 October 2019 / Accepted: 29 October 2019 / Published: 7 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Shock Processing and Related Phenomena)
In this study, spatial and temporal profiles of an Nd-YAG laser beam pressure pulse are experimentally characterized and fully captured for use in numerical simulations of laser impact welding (LIW). Both axisymmetric, Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) and Eulerian dynamic explicit numerical simulations of the collision and deformation of the flyer and target foils are created. The effect of the standoff distance between the foils on impact angle, velocity distribution, springback, the overall shape of the deformed foils, and the weld strength in lap shear tests are investigated. In addition, the jetting phenomenon (separation and ejection of particles at very high velocities due to high-impact collision) and interlocking of the foils along the weld interface are simulated. Simulation results are compared to experiments, which exhibit very similar deformation and impact behaviors. In contrast to previous numerical studies that assume a pre-defined deformed flyer foil shape with uniform initial velocity, the research in this work shows that incorporation of the actual spatial and temporal profiles of the laser beam and modeling of the corresponding pressure pulse based on a laser shock peening approach provides a more realistic prediction of the LIW process mechanism. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-velocity impact welding; laser impact welding; finite element simulation; experimental analysis high-velocity impact welding; laser impact welding; finite element simulation; experimental analysis
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Sadeh, S.; Gleason, G.H.; Hatamleh, M.I.; Sunny, S.F.; Yu, H.; Malik, A.S.; Qian, D. Simulation and Experimental Comparison of Laser Impact Welding with a Plasma Pressure Model. Metals 2019, 9, 1196.

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