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Open AccessArticle

The Deformation Behavior, Microstructural Mechanism, and Process Optimization of PM/Wrought Dual Superalloys for Manufacturing the Dual-Property Turbine Disc

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
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Metals 2019, 9(10), 1127; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9101127
Received: 27 September 2019 / Revised: 18 October 2019 / Accepted: 18 October 2019 / Published: 21 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Behaviours of Alloys under Thermo-Mechanical Treatment)
With the rapid development of modern aviation industry, dual-property turbine disc with fine comprehensive performance plays an important role in raising the thrust-to-weight ratio of the aero-engine. For manufacturing dual-property turbine disc, the powder metallurgy superalloy (PM) with excellent creep resistance was chosen as rim material, and the wrought superalloy with fine equiaxed grains was chosen as bore material. Electron beam welding was carried out on the PM/wrought dual superalloys. Hot compression tests were conducted on the PM/Wrought dual superalloys at temperatures of 1020–1140 °C and strain rates of 0.001–1.0 s−1. Deformation behavior and microstructure evolution have been investigated to study the deformation and recrystallization mechanism during hot deformation process. The results showed that PM/Wrought dual superalloy presents the similar flow behavior to single alloys and flow stress decreases significantly with the increase of deformation temperature or the decrease of strain rate. The apparent activation energy of deformation at the strain of 0.2 was determined as being 780.07 kJ·mol−1. The constitutive equation was constructed for modeling the hot deformation of PM/Wrought dual superalloy. Meanwhile, the processing map approach was further adopted to optimize the manufacturing process for the dual-property turbine disc. Additionally, a new instability criterion was proposed: the “cliff” and “valley” in the power dissipation map are determined as sufficient conditions for flow instability. The optimum processing parameter for manufacturing the PM/Wrought dual-property turbine disc can be obtained to enhance the mechanical properties, based on the analysis of processing map technology and microstructural mechanism. View Full-Text
Keywords: PM/Wrought dual superalloy; deformation behavior; microstructural mechanism; process optimization; dual-property turbine disc PM/Wrought dual superalloy; deformation behavior; microstructural mechanism; process optimization; dual-property turbine disc
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Zhang, B.; Liu, X.; Yang, H.; Ning, Y. The Deformation Behavior, Microstructural Mechanism, and Process Optimization of PM/Wrought Dual Superalloys for Manufacturing the Dual-Property Turbine Disc. Metals 2019, 9, 1127.

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