Analysis of the high temperature plastic behavior of high-strength steel X153CrMoV12 was developed in the temperature range of 800–1200 °C and the deformation rate in the range of 0.001–10 s−1
to the maximum value of the true strain 0.9%. Microstructural changes were observed using light optical microscopy (LOM) as well as atomic force microscopy (AFM). The effect of hot deformation temperature on true stress, peak stress and true strain was evaluated from the respective flow curves. Based on these results, steel transformation was discussed from the dynamic recovery and recrystallization point of view. Furthermore, a present model, taking into account the Zener–Hollomon parameter, was developed to predict the true stress and strain over a wide range of temperatures and strain rates. Using constitutive equations, material parameters and activation energy were derived, which can be subsequently applied to other models related to hot deformation behavior of selected tool steels. The experimental data were compassed to the ones obtained by the predictive model with the correlation coefficient R
= 0.98267. These results demonstrate an appropriate applicability of the model for experimental materials in hot deformation applications.
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