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Open AccessArticle

Hot Deformation Process Analysis and Modelling of X153CrMoV12 Steel

1
Faculty of Special Technology, Alexander Dubcek University of Trenčín, 911 06 Trenčín, Slovakia
2
Research and Development Department, Business Unit Coil. Voestalpine Steel Division GmbH, 4020 Linz, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(10), 1125; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9101125
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 16 October 2019 / Accepted: 17 October 2019 / Published: 20 October 2019
Analysis of the high temperature plastic behavior of high-strength steel X153CrMoV12 was developed in the temperature range of 800–1200 °C and the deformation rate in the range of 0.001–10 s−1 to the maximum value of the true strain 0.9%. Microstructural changes were observed using light optical microscopy (LOM) as well as atomic force microscopy (AFM). The effect of hot deformation temperature on true stress, peak stress and true strain was evaluated from the respective flow curves. Based on these results, steel transformation was discussed from the dynamic recovery and recrystallization point of view. Furthermore, a present model, taking into account the Zener–Hollomon parameter, was developed to predict the true stress and strain over a wide range of temperatures and strain rates. Using constitutive equations, material parameters and activation energy were derived, which can be subsequently applied to other models related to hot deformation behavior of selected tool steels. The experimental data were compassed to the ones obtained by the predictive model with the correlation coefficient R = 0.98267. These results demonstrate an appropriate applicability of the model for experimental materials in hot deformation applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: hot deformation; deformation curve; true strain; true stress; Zener–Hollomon parameter hot deformation; deformation curve; true strain; true stress; Zener–Hollomon parameter
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MDPI and ACS Style

Krbaťa, M.; Eckert, M.; Križan, D.; Barényi, I.; Mikušová, I. Hot Deformation Process Analysis and Modelling of X153CrMoV12 Steel. Metals 2019, 9, 1125.

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