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Open AccessArticle

Thermo-Mechanical Fatigue Lifetime Assessment of Spheroidal Cast Iron at Different Thermal Constraint Levels

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Department of Design Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Landbergstraat 15, 2628 CE Delft, The Netherlands
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Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 2, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands
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DAF Trucks N.V., Hugo van der Goeslaan 1, 5643 TW Eindhoven, The Netherlands
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Metal Science and Technology Group, EEMMeCS Department, Ghent University, Technologiepark 46, B9052 Ghent, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2019, 9(10), 1068; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9101068
Received: 27 July 2019 / Revised: 3 September 2019 / Accepted: 26 September 2019 / Published: 1 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metal Plasticity and Fatigue at High Temperature)
In previous work on the thermo-mechanical fatigue (TMF) of compacted graphite iron (CGI), lifetimes measured under total constraint were confirmed analytically by numerical integration of Paris’ crack-growth law. In current work, the results for CGI are further validated for spheroidal cast iron (SGI), while TMF tests at different constraint levels were additionally performed. The Paris crack-growth law is found to require a different CParis parameter value per distinct constraint level, indicating that Paris’ law does not capture all physical backgrounds of TMF crack growth, such as the effect of constraint level. An adapted version of Paris’ law is developed, designated as the local strain model. The new model considers cyclic plastic strains at the crack tip to control crack growth and is found to predict TMF lifetimes of SGI very well for all constraint levels with a single set of parameters. This includes not only full constraint but also over and partial constraint conditions, as encountered in diesel engine service conditions. The local strain model considers the crack tip to experience a distinct sharpening and blunting stage during each TMF cycle, with separate contributions to crack-tip plasticity, originating from cyclic bulk stresses in the sharpening stage and cyclic plastic bulk strains in the blunting stage.
Keywords: thermo-mechanical fatigue; spheroidal cast iron; partial constraint; crack growth models; crack-tip cyclic plasticity; crack-tip blunting and sharpening thermo-mechanical fatigue; spheroidal cast iron; partial constraint; crack growth models; crack-tip cyclic plasticity; crack-tip blunting and sharpening
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ghodrat, S.; Kalra, A.; Kestens, L.A.; Riemslag, T.(. Thermo-Mechanical Fatigue Lifetime Assessment of Spheroidal Cast Iron at Different Thermal Constraint Levels. Metals 2019, 9, 1068.

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