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Experimental Study of Surface Characteristic in Electrochemical Machining of 35CrMo Steel

College of Mechanical and Transportation Engineering, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Beijing 102249, China
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Metals 2018, 8(7), 509; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8070509
Received: 27 May 2018 / Revised: 21 June 2018 / Accepted: 28 June 2018 / Published: 3 July 2018
35CrMo steel is a widely used material in machinery equipment for the petroleum industry. With the improvement of exploring technology, some particular complex features cannot be achieved with traditional processing methods. However, electrochemical machining provides a potential solution to such problems, especially in the machining of the turbine blades of turbine drilling tools, in which the surface behavior of the workpiece is an important basis for judging the machining effect. To investigate the surface behavior of 35CrMo after electrochemical machining, the electrochemical machining experiment of 35CrMo steel was conducted by a self-made experimental system. Effects of the electrolyte type, concentration, and current density on surface quality were investigated in this study. The surface characteristics of 35CrMo steel were analyzed under different current densities in three different electrolytes—NaCl, NaClO3 and NaNO3—with different concentrations. Based on the obtained results, an optimum machining plan was obtained. The principle of the electrolysis reaction of 35CrMo steel in NaCl, NaClO3 and NaNO3 electrolytes were studied as well. Experimental results showed that the best surface quality of 35CrMo steel was achieved under an NaClO3 electrolyte concentration of 200 g/L and current density of 30 A/cm2. The results in this paper provide a theoretical basis for the effective machining of complex parts such as downhole turbine blades. View Full-Text
Keywords: 35CrMo; surface characteristic; electrochemical machining 35CrMo; surface characteristic; electrochemical machining
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Zhang, H.; Liu, S.; Yue, W.; Xiao, H.; Zhang, P. Experimental Study of Surface Characteristic in Electrochemical Machining of 35CrMo Steel. Metals 2018, 8, 509.

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