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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Dynamic Reheating Controlled by the Weaving Width on the Microstructure of GTA Bead-On-Pipe Weld Metal of 25% Cr Super Duplex Stainless Steel

1
Department of Hybrid Materials & Machining Technology, Graduate School of Convergence Science, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea
2
Material Science and Engineering Department, Pusan National University, Busandaehak-ro 63 beon-gil, Heumjeong-gu, Busan 46241, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2018, 8(5), 312; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8050312
Received: 10 March 2018 / Revised: 15 April 2018 / Accepted: 26 April 2018 / Published: 1 May 2018
Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) with three different heat inputs controlled by the weaving width was performed to understand their effects on the microstructural changes during bead-on-pipe welding of super duplex stainless steel. The microstructure of the weld metals was categorized into three different types of zones: non-reheated, reheated type, and reheating-free zone. Even though single-pass welding with different weaving widths was employed, a reheated microstructure was detected, which has been previously observed with multiple pass welding. This phenomenon was called “dynamic reheating”, because it was produced by the weaving operation during welding regardless of the weaving width. The categorized area fraction varied with the weaving width change. Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) results at the edge (the area near the fusion line) of the low-heat-input condition indicated a higher austenite volume fraction and a lower Cr2N fraction than that of the medium heat input condition. Thus, it described an inverse relationship, because higher heat input provided a lower austenite fraction. In addition, it was observed clearly that the austenite fraction at the medium heat input condition was dramatically increased by reheating, while the Cr2N fraction was reduced. Regardless of the weaving width, reheating contributed to the increase of the austenite fraction, further reducing the Cr2N quantity. The edge areas in the map showed an inverse relationship in the reheated area fraction between low heat input and medium heat input. For this reason, the austenite fraction on the weld metal was determined not only by the heat input, but also by the amount of reheating. View Full-Text
Keywords: super duplex stainless steel; GTAW; weaving width; dynamic reheating; Cr2N; EBSD; reheating-free zone super duplex stainless steel; GTAW; weaving width; dynamic reheating; Cr2N; EBSD; reheating-free zone
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Sung, H.-J.; Na, H.-S.; Kang, C.-Y. Effect of Dynamic Reheating Controlled by the Weaving Width on the Microstructure of GTA Bead-On-Pipe Weld Metal of 25% Cr Super Duplex Stainless Steel. Metals 2018, 8, 312.

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