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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Cold-Deformation on Austenite Grain Growth Behavior in Solution-Treated Low Alloy Steel

1
School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), Beijing 100083, China
2
Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita 13 Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-8628, Hokkaido, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2018, 8(12), 1004; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8121004
Received: 28 October 2018 / Revised: 19 November 2018 / Accepted: 21 November 2018 / Published: 1 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Microalloyed Steels)
The occurrence of abnormal grain growth (AGG) of austenite during annealing is a serious problem in steels with carbide and/or nitride particles, which should be avoided from a viewpoint of mechanical properties. The effects of cold deformation prior to annealing on the occurrence of AGG have been investigated. It was found that the temperature range of the occurrence of AGG is shifted toward a low temperature region by cold deformation, and that the shift increases with the increase of the reduction ratio. The lowered AGG occurrence temperature is attributed to the fine and near-equilibrium AlN particles that are precipitated in the cold-deformed steel, which is readily dissolved during annealing. In contrast, coarse and non-equilibrium AlN particles precipitated in the undeformed steel, which is resistant to dissolution during annealing. View Full-Text
Keywords: austenite; abnormal grain growth; cold-deformation; precipitate austenite; abnormal grain growth; cold-deformation; precipitate
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Zhang, X.; Matsuura, K.; Ohno, M. Effect of Cold-Deformation on Austenite Grain Growth Behavior in Solution-Treated Low Alloy Steel. Metals 2018, 8, 1004.

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