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Open AccessArticle

Hydrometallurgical Approach for Leaching of Metals from Copper Rich Side Stream Originating from Base Metal Production

1
Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Aalto University, Vuorimiehentie 2, P.O. Box 16200, FI-00076 AALTO, Espoo (Otaniemi) 02150, Finland
2
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Solutions for Natural Resources and Environment, Biologinkuja 7, ESPOO, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2018, 8(1), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8010040
Received: 17 November 2017 / Revised: 1 January 2018 / Accepted: 5 January 2018 / Published: 8 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Hydrometallurgy)
Pyrometallurgical metal production results in side streams, such as dusts and slags, which are carriers of metals, though commonly containing lower metal concentrations compared to the main process stream. In order to improve the circular economy of metals, selective leaching of copper from an intermediate raw material originating from primary base metal production plant was investigated. The raw material investigated was rich in Cu (12.5%), Ni (2.6%), Zn (1.6%), and Fe (23.6%) with the particle size D80 of 124 µm. The main compounds present were nickel ferrite (NiFe2O4), fayalite (Fe2SiO4), cuprite (Cu2O), and metallic copper. Leaching was studied in 16 different solutions. The results revealed that copper phases could be dissolved with high yield (>90%) and selectivity towards nickel (Cu/Ni > 7) already at room temperature with the following solutions: 0.5 M HCl, 1.5 M HCl, 4 M NaOH, and 2 M HNO3. A concentration of 4 M NaOH provided a superior selectivity between Cu/Ni (340) and Cu/Zn (51). In addition, 1–2 M HNO3 and 0.5 M HCl solutions were shown to result in high Pb dissolution (>98%). Consequently, 0.5 M HCl leaching is suggested to provide a low temperature, low chemical consumption method for selective copper removal from the investigated side stream, resulting in PLS (pregnant leach solution) which is a rich in Cu and lead free residue, also rich in Ni and Fe. View Full-Text
Keywords: base metal production; intermediate; nickel iron oxide; fayalite; cuprite; leaching base metal production; intermediate; nickel iron oxide; fayalite; cuprite; leaching
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mohanty, U.S.; Rintala, L.; Halli, P.; Taskinen, P.; Lundström, M. Hydrometallurgical Approach for Leaching of Metals from Copper Rich Side Stream Originating from Base Metal Production. Metals 2018, 8, 40. https://doi.org/10.3390/met8010040

AMA Style

Mohanty US, Rintala L, Halli P, Taskinen P, Lundström M. Hydrometallurgical Approach for Leaching of Metals from Copper Rich Side Stream Originating from Base Metal Production. Metals. 2018; 8(1):40. https://doi.org/10.3390/met8010040

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mohanty, Udit S.; Rintala, Lotta; Halli, Petteri; Taskinen, Pekka; Lundström, Mari. 2018. "Hydrometallurgical Approach for Leaching of Metals from Copper Rich Side Stream Originating from Base Metal Production" Metals 8, no. 1: 40. https://doi.org/10.3390/met8010040

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