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Effect of Thermal Debinding Conditions on the Sintered Density of Low-Pressure Powder Injection Molded Iron Parts

Presintered Titanium-Hydroxyapatite Composite Fabricated via PIM Route

Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM Bangi 43600, Malaysia
Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysia France Institute, Bandar Baru Bangi 43650, Malaysia
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Noji-Higashi, Kusatsu-City 525-8577, Japan
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesca Borgioli
Metals 2021, 11(2), 318;
Received: 16 January 2021 / Revised: 29 January 2021 / Accepted: 2 February 2021 / Published: 12 February 2021
Ti6Al4V-HA composites have been recognized for their potential for biomedical implantation purposes. In the present study, Ti6Al4V-HA composites were fabricated by Powder Injection Molding (PIM) route. Ti6Al4V-HA feedstock at a ratio of 87:13 vol.% was prepared by using a binder system consisting of palm stearin (PS) and polyethylene (PE). The Critical Powder Volume Percentage (CPVP) value for Ti6Al4V-HA was 68 vol.%. Ti6Al4V-HA feedstock was developed at 66 vol.% powder loading. Ti6Al4V-HA feedstock showed pseudoplastic behaviour with a low viscosity and low activation energy of flow and was successfully injected into a tensile bar shape. The debinding process involved a solvent and thermal debinding operation. The debonded parts were sintered at 1300 °C, and the influence of the presintering stage on the physical and mechanical properties of the sintered parts was investigated. It was proven that the presintering stage was able to restrain the transformation of Ti6Al4V into Ti3Al (α2) as well as the decomposition of HA. These are key findings ideas for the designing of sintering parameters, where the decomposition of HA becoming the main problem in the sintering of Ti6Al4V-HA composites at a high temperature. The obtained results also showed that the sintered parts had a porous structure, which looked promising for their use in biomedical implantations. purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ti6Al4V-HA composite; rheological behaviour; physical properties; mechanical properties Ti6Al4V-HA composite; rheological behaviour; physical properties; mechanical properties
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mahmud, N.N.; Sulong, A.B.; Sharma, B.; Ameyama, K. Presintered Titanium-Hydroxyapatite Composite Fabricated via PIM Route. Metals 2021, 11, 318.

AMA Style

Mahmud NN, Sulong AB, Sharma B, Ameyama K. Presintered Titanium-Hydroxyapatite Composite Fabricated via PIM Route. Metals. 2021; 11(2):318.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mahmud, Nurul Nadiah, Abu Bakar Sulong, Bhupendra Sharma, and Kei Ameyama. 2021. "Presintered Titanium-Hydroxyapatite Composite Fabricated via PIM Route" Metals 11, no. 2: 318.

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