The present work is aimed at refining the grain size in the Co–28Cr–5Mo–0.3C (wt%) cast alloy using particle-stimulated nucleation (PSN) of recrystallization. It is pointed out that PSN resulted in considerable grain refinement (≈80%) of the as-cast structure, leading to an increased yield and tensile strength (around 30%). Partial solutionizing is associated with the formation of γfcc
and athermal martensite. During PSN, the intensity of the hexagonal close-packed (hcp) phase increases due to the formation of isothermal martensite. It appears that new dynamic recrystallized (DRX) grains are formed around coarse undissolved particles (≈10 μm in size), especially where these particles are present in large clusters. The high-resolution TEM image shows the formation of heavily faulted regions and subgrains, with maximum misorientation near the carbides providing the driving force for the nucleation of new grains.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited