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Open AccessArticle

Simulation of Ultrasonic Induced Cavitation and Acoustic Streaming in Liquid and Solidifying Aluminum

Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, Institute of Manufacturing Technology and Quality Management, Universitätsplatz 2, 39106 Magdeburg, Germany
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Metals 2020, 10(4), 476; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10040476
Received: 21 February 2020 / Revised: 29 March 2020 / Accepted: 31 March 2020 / Published: 4 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ultrasonic Processing of Alloys)
Ultrasonic treatment (UST), more precisely, cavitation and acoustic streaming, of liquid light metal alloys is a very promising technology for achieving grain and structure refinement, and therefore, better mechanical properties. The possibility of predicting these process phenomena is an important requirement for understanding, implementing, and scaling this technology in the foundry industry. Using an established (casting) computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-simulation tool, we studied the ability of this software to calculate the onset and expansion of cavitation and acoustic streaming for the aluminum alloy A356, partly depending on different radiator geometries. A key aspect was a holistic approach toward pressure distribution, cavitation, and acoustic streaming prediction, and the possibility of two- and (more importantly) three-dimensional result outputs. Our feasibility analysis showed that the simulation tool is able to predict the mentioned effects and that the results obtained are in good agreement with the results and descriptions of previous investigations. Finally, capabilities and limitations as well as future challenges for further developments are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: aluminum; ultrasonic melt treatment; simulation; cavitation; acoustic streaming; solidification aluminum; ultrasonic melt treatment; simulation; cavitation; acoustic streaming; solidification
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MDPI and ACS Style

Riedel, E.; Liepe, M.; Scharf, S. Simulation of Ultrasonic Induced Cavitation and Acoustic Streaming in Liquid and Solidifying Aluminum. Metals 2020, 10, 476.

AMA Style

Riedel E, Liepe M, Scharf S. Simulation of Ultrasonic Induced Cavitation and Acoustic Streaming in Liquid and Solidifying Aluminum. Metals. 2020; 10(4):476.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Riedel, Eric; Liepe, Martin; Scharf, Stefan. 2020. "Simulation of Ultrasonic Induced Cavitation and Acoustic Streaming in Liquid and Solidifying Aluminum" Metals 10, no. 4: 476.

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