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Open AccessArticle

Preparation and Mechanical Properties of ZK61-Y Magnesium Alloy Wheel Hub via Liquid Forging—Isothermal Forging Process

1
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Weihai 264209, China
3
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Weihai 264209, China
4
Beijing North Vehicle Group Co. Ltd., Beijing 100072, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2020, 10(3), 385; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10030385
Received: 26 February 2020 / Revised: 14 March 2020 / Accepted: 15 March 2020 / Published: 18 March 2020
A ZK61-Y magnesium (Mg) alloy wheel hub was prepared via liquid forging—isothermal forging process. The effects of Y-element contents on the microstructure and mechanical properties of liquid forging blanks were investigated. The formation order of the second phase was I-phase (Mg3Zn6Y) → W-phase (Mg3Zn3Y2) → Z-phase (Mg12ZnY) with the increase of the Y-element content. Meanwhile, the I-phase and Z-phase formed in the liquid forging process were beneficial to the grain refinement. The numerical simulation of the isothermal forging process was carried out to analyze the effects of forming temperature on the temperature and stress field in the forming parts using the software Deform-3D. Isothermal forging experiments and post heat treatments were conducted. The influence of isothermal forging temperature, heat treatment temperature and preservation time on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the forming parts were also studied. The dynamic recrystallization (DRX), second-phase hardening, and work hardening account for the improvement of properties after the isothermal forging process. The forming part forged at 380 °C displayed the outstanding properties. The elongation, yield strength, and ultimate tensile strength were 18.5%, 150 MPa and 315 MPa, respectively. The samples displayed an increased elongation and decreased strength after heat treatments. The 520 °C—1 h sample possessed the best mechanical properties, the elongation was 25.5%, the yield stress was 125 MPa and the ultimate tensile strength was 282 MPa. This can be ascribed to the recrystallization and the elimination of working hardening. Meanwhile, the second phase transformation (I-phase → W-phase → Mg2Y + MgZn2), dissolution, and decomposition can be observed, as well. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnesium alloy; liquid forging; isothermal forging; numerical simulation magnesium alloy; liquid forging; isothermal forging; numerical simulation
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Qi, Y.; Wang, H.; Chen, L.; Zhang, H.; Chen, G.; Chen, L.; Du, Z. Preparation and Mechanical Properties of ZK61-Y Magnesium Alloy Wheel Hub via Liquid Forging—Isothermal Forging Process. Metals 2020, 10, 385.

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