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Evaluation of 2-Mercaptobenzimidazole Derivatives as Corrosion Inhibitors for Mild Steel in Hydrochloric Acid

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Department of Crop Science, College of Sanghur Life Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea
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Departement of Chemistry, Anugrah Narayan College, Patliputra University, Patna 800013, Bihar, India
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Laboratory of Applied Chemistry and Environment, ENSA, University Ibn Zohr, P.O. Box 1136, Agadir 80000, Morocco
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Energy, Materials and Sustainable Development Team, CERN2D, Higher School of Technology Salé, Mohammed V University, Rabat 8007, Morocco
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Department of Chemistry, College of Science, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 9004, 61413 Abha, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Metals 2020, 10(3), 357; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10030357
Received: 12 February 2020 / Revised: 4 March 2020 / Accepted: 6 March 2020 / Published: 9 March 2020
This research aimed to develop a better understanding of the corrosion inhibition of the mild steel in acidic medium by new organic molecules. For this purpose, two new compounds namely, 2,3-dihydrobenzo[4,5]imidazo[2,1-b]thiazole (2-BIT) and 3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[4,5]imidazo[2,1-b]thiazole (3-BIT) were synthesized and evaluated for mild steel (MS) corrosion in HCl. Analyses were carried out using weight loss measurements, electrochemical techniques, and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The adsorption of inhibitors onto the steel surface follows the Langmuir adsorption model. Generally, results showed that the corrosion inhibition efficiency of the investigated molecules was found to increase with increased concentration of inhibitors. Electrochemical tests, i.e., electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarization (PDP) techniques, showed that the addition of our investigated inhibitors decreases the dissolution of the metal and generally act as mixed-type inhibitors. In addition, the influence of temperature (from 303 to 333 K) on the corrosion inhibition was studied, and the results demonstrated that with an increase in temperature, the inhibition efficiency decrease. SEM results confirmed that the inhibition process is due to a protective film that prevents corrosion. Similarly, the results showed that the inhibitory efficiencies reach 93% at 5 × 10−3 M in the case of inhibitor 3-BIT. These results revealed that this compound could effectively control and reduce the corrosion rate of mild steel in the corrosion test solution. View Full-Text
Keywords: corrosion inhibition; 2-mercaptobenzimidazole; mild steel; HCl; EIS; PDP corrosion inhibition; 2-mercaptobenzimidazole; mild steel; HCl; EIS; PDP
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Lgaz, H.; Masroor, S.; Chafiq, M.; Damej, M.; Brahmia, A.; Salghi, R.; Benmessaoud, M.; Ali, I.H.; Alghamdi, M.M.; Chaouiki, A.; Chung, I.-M. Evaluation of 2-Mercaptobenzimidazole Derivatives as Corrosion Inhibitors for Mild Steel in Hydrochloric Acid. Metals 2020, 10, 357.

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