The β → α phase transition kinetics of the Ti–3.5Al–5Mo–4V alloy with two different grain sizes was investigated at the isothermal temperature of 500 °C. A method to estimate the function of the precipitate fraction of the α phase with different aging times was developed based on X-ray diffraction analysis. The value of the α precipitate fraction increased sharply at first, then increased slowly with the aging time, and finally reached equilibrium. The value of the α precipitate fraction was higher in the alloy aged for the same time at a higher solution temperature, while the size of the α precipitate was smaller at a higher solution temperature. The β → α phase transition kinetics under isothermal conditions were modeled in the theoretical frame of the Johnson–Mehl–Avrami–Kolmogorov (JMAK) theory. The kinetic parameters of JMAK deduced different transformation mechanisms. The mechanism of the phase transition in the first stage was dominated by mixed transformation mechanisms (homogeneously nucleated and acicular-grown α structure, and grain boundary-nucleated and grown α precipitate), while the second stage was the growth of the fine α precipitate, which was controlled by slow diffusion. As the aging time increased, the hardness of the Ti–3.5Al–5Mo–4V alloy increased sharply. After the hardness of the alloy reached a plateau, it began to decline. The hardness of the alloy was always higher at a higher solution temperature.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited