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Leaching Manganese Nodules in an Acid Medium and Room Temperature Comparing the Use of Different Fe Reducing Agents
Open AccessArticle

Leaching Kinetics of Arsenic Sulfide-Containing Materials by Copper Sulfate Solution

Department of Non-Ferrous Metals Metallurgy, Ural Federal University, 620002 Yekaterinburg, Russia
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Metals 2020, 10(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/met10010007
Received: 25 November 2019 / Revised: 14 December 2019 / Accepted: 16 December 2019 / Published: 19 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Mineral Processing and Hydrometallurgy)
The overall decrease in the quality of mineral raw materials, combined with the use of arsenic-containing ores, results in large amounts of various intermediate products containing this highly toxic element. The use of hydrometallurgical technologies for these materials is complicated by the formation of multicomponent solutions and the difficulty of separating copper from arsenic. Previously, for the selective separation of As from copper–arsenic intermediates a leaching method in the presence of Cu(II) ions was proposed. This paper describes the investigation of the kinetics of arsenic sulfide-containing materials leaching by copper sulfate solution. The cakes after leaching of arsenic trisulfide with a solution of copper sulfate were described using methods such as X-ray diffraction spectrometry (XRD), X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis (EDS). The effect of temperature (70–90 °C), the initial concentration of CuSO4 (0.23–0.28 M) and the time on the As recovery into the solution was studied. The process temperature has the greatest effect on the kinetics, while an increase in copper concentration from 0.23 to 0.28 M effects an increase in As transfer into solution from 93.2% to 97.8% for 120 min of leaching. However, the shrinking core model that best fits the kinetic data suggests that the process occurs by the intra-diffusion mode with the average activation energy of 44.9 kJ/mol. Using the time-to-a-given-fraction kinetics analysis, it was determined that the leaching mechanism does not change during the reaction. The semi-empirical expression describing the reaction rate under the studied conditions can be written as follows: 1/3ln(1 − X) + [(1 − X) − 1/3 − 1] = 4560000Cu3.61e−44900/RT t. View Full-Text
Keywords: arsenic; trisulfide; copper sulfate; kinetics; leaching; shrinking core model; time-to-a-given-fraction kinetics analysis arsenic; trisulfide; copper sulfate; kinetics; leaching; shrinking core model; time-to-a-given-fraction kinetics analysis
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Karimov, K.A.; Rogozhnikov, D.A.; Kuzas, E.A.; Shoppert, A.A. Leaching Kinetics of Arsenic Sulfide-Containing Materials by Copper Sulfate Solution. Metals 2020, 10, 7.

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