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Concept Paper

Beyond TTM and ABC: A Practice Perspective on Physical Activity Promotion for Adolescent Females from Disadvantaged Backgrounds

1
School of Sport and Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff CF5 2YB, UK
2
Cardiff School of Management, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff CF5 2YB, UK
3
Valleys Gymnastics Academy, Newport NP11 3AG, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Societies 2020, 10(4), 80; https://doi.org/10.3390/soc10040080
Received: 29 September 2020 / Revised: 13 October 2020 / Accepted: 14 October 2020 / Published: 18 October 2020
This paper builds on a growing body of literature on the promise of practice theory in understanding and promoting behavior change in society and develops upon Blue (2017) and Spotswood et al.’s (2019) rationale for evolving theories of practice into the domain of contemporary physical activity research. We begin by considering the intersectional nature of the problem. Statistics reveal that physical activity gradients exist based on gender, as well as socio-economic position. Women, girls, and disadvantaged populations report lower levels of activity than more affluent males and females. More problematic still is what StreetGames (2017) call the “double jeopardy”, where these characteristics intersect, intensifying the negative gradient. Our argument then comprises three parts. First, we provide a critical discussion of intervention studies seeking to transform exercise behavior amongst these populations. The issue we identify is that studies typically rely on behavior change models, such as the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) and the ABC framework. However, these models tend to take insufficient account of the practical and social aspects of behavior change in physical activity, and thus their subjects often succumb to value-action gaps (Shove, 2010). Second, in contrast, we propose that practice theory provides a promising alternative theoretical lens for promoting behavior change in disadvantaged and often resistant populations. Third, the paper highlights a range of conceptual considerations for exploring the relationship between young, disadvantaged women and physical activity, as well as the development of tangible solutions to improve participation. View Full-Text
Keywords: practice theory; social practices; physical activity; women; disadvantaged communities; behavior change; social change practice theory; social practices; physical activity; women; disadvantaged communities; behavior change; social change
MDPI and ACS Style

Hopkins, E.; Bolton, N.; Brown, D.; Matthews, N.; Anderson, M. Beyond TTM and ABC: A Practice Perspective on Physical Activity Promotion for Adolescent Females from Disadvantaged Backgrounds. Societies 2020, 10, 80. https://doi.org/10.3390/soc10040080

AMA Style

Hopkins E, Bolton N, Brown D, Matthews N, Anderson M. Beyond TTM and ABC: A Practice Perspective on Physical Activity Promotion for Adolescent Females from Disadvantaged Backgrounds. Societies. 2020; 10(4):80. https://doi.org/10.3390/soc10040080

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hopkins, Ellyse, Nicola Bolton, David Brown, Nic Matthews, and Melissa Anderson. 2020. "Beyond TTM and ABC: A Practice Perspective on Physical Activity Promotion for Adolescent Females from Disadvantaged Backgrounds" Societies 10, no. 4: 80. https://doi.org/10.3390/soc10040080

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