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Open AccessArticle

The Effects of Fear Appeals and Message Format on Promoting Skin Cancer Prevention Behaviors among College Students

School of Communication, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
Societies 2020, 10(1), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/soc10010021
Received: 20 December 2019 / Revised: 25 January 2020 / Accepted: 3 February 2020 / Published: 22 February 2020
This study tested the Extended Parallel Process Model (EPPM) by examining how fear mediated the effects of threat on individuals’ assessment of risk, which was neglected in many fear appeal studies. Second, this study treated efficacy as an existing perception, and explored the effects of varying levels of threat and efficacy on individuals’ behavioral intention. Furthermore, this study examined whether message format, such as narratives, played a role on individuals’ behavioral intention. Implications for the EPPM and health message development were discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: the EPPM; fear appeals; efficacy; narrative health; health communication the EPPM; fear appeals; efficacy; narrative health; health communication
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Zhang Meadows, C. The Effects of Fear Appeals and Message Format on Promoting Skin Cancer Prevention Behaviors among College Students. Societies 2020, 10, 21.

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