Next Article in Journal
Racing Demands of Off-Road Triathlon: A Case Study of a National Champion Masters Triathlete
Previous Article in Journal
A Pilot Study of miRNA Expression Profile as a Liquid Biopsy for Full-Marathon Participants
Systematic Review

Pre-Exercise Whole- or Partial-Body Cryotherapy Exposure to Improve Physical Performance: A Systematic Review

1
Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Science (UCRISE), University of Canberra, Bruce, ACT 2617, Australia
2
Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Bruce, ACT 2617, Australia
3
Discipline of Biokinetics, Exercise and Leisure Sciences, School of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Kevin Lamb and Dale Wilson Chapman
Sports 2021, 9(10), 135; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports9100135
Received: 31 July 2021 / Revised: 12 September 2021 / Accepted: 27 September 2021 / Published: 30 September 2021
Whole- (WBC) and partial-body cryotherapy (PBC) are commonly used sports medicine modalities for the treatment of injury and exercise recovery. Physiological and perceptual effects have the potential to be utilised in a novel application that involves pre-exercise WBC and PBC exposure to improve physical performance. A systematic literature search of multiple databases was conducted in July 2021 to identify and evaluate the effects of pre-exercise exposure of WBC or PBC on physical performance measures, and any potential translational effects. The following inclusion criteria were applied: (1) use of WBC or PBC exposure pre-exercise, (2) use of WBC or PBC in healthy and/or athletic populations, (3) control group was used in the data collection, and (4) investigated physiological, psychosocial or direct physical performance impacts of pre-exercise cryotherapy exposure. A total of 759 titles were identified, with twelve relevant studies satisfying the inclusion criteria after full-text screening. The twelve studies were categorised into three key areas: performance testing (n = 6), oxidative stress response (n = 4) and lysosomal enzyme activity (n = 2). The potential for eliciting favourable physical and physiological responses from pre-exercise WBC or PBC is currently unclear with a paucity of good quality research available. Furthermore, a lack of standardisation of cryotherapy protocols is a current challenge. View Full-Text
Keywords: cooling; physical performance; biomarkers; neuromuscular facilitation cooling; physical performance; biomarkers; neuromuscular facilitation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Partridge, E.M.; Cooke, J.; McKune, A.J.; Pyne, D.B. Pre-Exercise Whole- or Partial-Body Cryotherapy Exposure to Improve Physical Performance: A Systematic Review. Sports 2021, 9, 135. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports9100135

AMA Style

Partridge EM, Cooke J, McKune AJ, Pyne DB. Pre-Exercise Whole- or Partial-Body Cryotherapy Exposure to Improve Physical Performance: A Systematic Review. Sports. 2021; 9(10):135. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports9100135

Chicago/Turabian Style

Partridge, Emily M., Julie Cooke, Andrew J. McKune, and David B. Pyne. 2021. "Pre-Exercise Whole- or Partial-Body Cryotherapy Exposure to Improve Physical Performance: A Systematic Review" Sports 9, no. 10: 135. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports9100135

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop