Next Article in Journal
Anthropometric and Functional Profile of Selected vs. Non-Selected 13-to-17-Year-Old Soccer Players
Next Article in Special Issue
Tapering and Peaking Maximal Strength for Powerlifting Performance: A Review
Previous Article in Journal
Heart Rate Variability and Direct Current Measurement Characteristics in Professional Mixed Martial Arts Athletes
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Longitudinal Prospective Study: The Effect of Annual Seasonal Transition and Coaching Influence on Aerobic Capacity and Body Composition in Division I Female Soccer Players
Open AccessArticle

Towards a de facto Nonlinear Periodization: Extending Nonlinearity from Programming to Periodizing

Center for Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
Instituto de Telecomunicações, Delegação da Covilhã, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
Superior School of Hotel and Tourism, Porto Polytechnic Institute, 4480-876 Porto, Portugal
Instituto Universitário da Maia (ISMAI), 4475-690 Maia, Portugal
Porto Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Porto, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2020, 8(8), 110;
Received: 22 June 2020 / Revised: 22 July 2020 / Accepted: 3 August 2020 / Published: 8 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Periodization and Programming in Sports)
Planning is paramount in sport. Among different philosophical approaches to planning, periodization is a highly popular concept that refers to structured training periods with ensuing programs encompassing moments of progressively-loaded training, followed by recovery; it is normally deemed paramount to optimize adaptations and performance. While planning provides generic guidelines, periodization refers to the sequencing/ordering of training periods to enforce a given plan, therefore referring to longer temporal scales, and programming refers to more micro-scale aspects. In fact, similar periodization schemes may implement distinct programming strategies. Literature on the topic has used the linear and nonlinear terms to describe the content of periodized programs. However, these concepts have not been clearly defined in the literature, which may lead to inaccurate and misleading interpretations. Moreover, nonlinear periodization is usually using nonlinear programming, but with pre-stipulated sequencing of the training periods. Finally, it can be argued that nonlinearity has been an integral part of periodization since its inception, at least theoretically. In this essay, the literature was critically reviewed to better understand the validity of the linearity and nonlinearity concepts as applied in currently proposed periodization models. In addition, a novel approach for a de facto nonlinear periodization is presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise prescription; periodization; nonlinearity; scientific definitions; programming exercise prescription; periodization; nonlinearity; scientific definitions; programming
MDPI and ACS Style

Afonso, J.; Clemente, F.M.; Ribeiro, J.; Ferreira, M.; Fernandes, R.J. Towards a de facto Nonlinear Periodization: Extending Nonlinearity from Programming to Periodizing. Sports 2020, 8, 110.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop