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Effects of a Traditional versus an Alternative Strengthening Exercise Program on Shoulder Pain, Function and Physical Performance in Individuals with Subacromial Shoulder Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Division of Movement and Training Sciences/Biomechanics of Sports, University of Duisburg-Essen, 45141 Essen, Germany
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Sports 2020, 8(4), 48; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8040048
Received: 10 March 2020 / Revised: 8 April 2020 / Accepted: 9 April 2020 / Published: 13 April 2020
A manual shoulder-training device may represent an alternative training device to improve symptoms and function in patients with subacromial shoulder pain by strengthening the external rotators. Thus, we examined the effects of a traditional versus an alternative strengthening exercise program on shoulder pain/function and physical performance in individuals with subacromial shoulder pain. Fifty-six adults with subacromial shoulder pain were randomly assigned to a passive control group (CON; n = 20), a traditional training group (TRA; n = 19), or an alternative training group (ALT; n = 17). Both training groups conducted a progressive home-based strengthening exercise program for the external rotators for eight weeks using elastic bands only (TRA group) or in combination with the shoulder-training device (Schulterhilfe®) (ALT group). Pre- and post-training assessment included measures of shoulder pain/function (i.e., shoulder pain and disability index (SPADI)) and physical performance (i.e., shoulder flexibility, maximal isometric strength, and strength endurance). We found significant test × group interactions in most of the investigated variables. Post hoc analyses showed significant training-related improvements for proxies of shoulder pain/function, shoulder flexibility, maximal isometric strength, and strength endurance in favor of the ALT and TRA group in comparison to the CON group. Further, larger and more frequent effects were found for the ALT compared to the TRA group. Measures of shoulder pain/function and physical performance can be significantly improved by both training regimens in individuals with subacromial shoulder pain. However, strength training using elastic bands with the manual shoulder device (ALT group) as compared to elastic bands (TRA group) only was more effective and may thus be a recommendable alternative in order to mitigate subacromial shoulder pain. View Full-Text
Keywords: rotator cuff; manual shoulder-training device; shoulder pain; flexibility; maximal strength; strength endurance rotator cuff; manual shoulder-training device; shoulder pain; flexibility; maximal strength; strength endurance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schedler, S.; Brueckner, D.; Hagen, M.; Muehlbauer, T. Effects of a Traditional versus an Alternative Strengthening Exercise Program on Shoulder Pain, Function and Physical Performance in Individuals with Subacromial Shoulder Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Sports 2020, 8, 48. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8040048

AMA Style

Schedler S, Brueckner D, Hagen M, Muehlbauer T. Effects of a Traditional versus an Alternative Strengthening Exercise Program on Shoulder Pain, Function and Physical Performance in Individuals with Subacromial Shoulder Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Sports. 2020; 8(4):48. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8040048

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schedler, Simon; Brueckner, Dennis; Hagen, Marco; Muehlbauer, Thomas. 2020. "Effects of a Traditional versus an Alternative Strengthening Exercise Program on Shoulder Pain, Function and Physical Performance in Individuals with Subacromial Shoulder Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial" Sports 8, no. 4: 48. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports8040048

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