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Associations between Absolute and Relative Lower Body Strength to Measures of Power and Change of Direction Speed in Division II Female Volleyball Players

1
Human Physiology and Nutrition, University of Colorado Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, CO 80918, USA
2
Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, Fullerton, CA 92831, USA
3
School of Kinesiology, Applied Health, and Recreation, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74044, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2019, 7(7), 160; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7070160
Received: 9 May 2019 / Revised: 28 June 2019 / Accepted: 28 June 2019 / Published: 1 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Strength Training in Sprint Sports)
Volleyball is a sport comprised of multiple explosive efforts and multidirectional change of direction speed (CODS) actions. Since strength underpins both of these abilities, it is important to explore the relationship between these variables in order to develop strength and conditioning programs to optimize performance. The purpose of this study is to determine if a relationship exists between absolute and relative strength and measures of power and CODS in collegiate volleyball players. Archived testing data from ten (n = 10, age: 19.1 ± 1.2 yrs, Ht: 173.1 ± 6.64 cm, Wt: 67 ± 7.04 kg) female DII collegiate volleyball players were analyzed. These data included: block vertical jump (Block VJ), approach vertical jump (Approach VJ), a repeat jump test (i.e., four consecutive VJs), modified T-test, 5-0-5 agility test, a single leg triple hop test, and a 1-3RM deadlift. Significant large correlations were observed between relative strength and the repeat jump test, modified T-test, and 5-0-5 agility test. Significant correlations were also observed between absolute strength and the modified T-test. These results indicate that strength and conditioning professionals should emphasize the development of both absolute and relative lower-body strength to improve measures of power and agility in collegiate volleyball players. View Full-Text
Keywords: agility; acceleration; women’s sports; pre-season testing; strength training and conditioning agility; acceleration; women’s sports; pre-season testing; strength training and conditioning
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Tramel, W.; Lockie, R.G.; Lindsay, K.G.; Dawes, J.J. Associations between Absolute and Relative Lower Body Strength to Measures of Power and Change of Direction Speed in Division II Female Volleyball Players. Sports 2019, 7, 160.

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