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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Short Practice of Climbing on Barriers Self-Efficacy within a Physical Education and Sport Intervention in Germany

1
Division of Social and Behavioral Sport Sciences, University of Duisburg-Essen, 45141 Essen, Germany
2
Division of Sport and Education, University of Osnabrück, 49080 Osnabrück, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2019, 7(4), 81; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7040081
Received: 27 February 2019 / Revised: 26 March 2019 / Accepted: 2 April 2019 / Published: 4 April 2019
The study examined the effects of an indoor wall climbing intervention within the context of a regular Physical Education and Sport (PES) program on barriers self-efficacy (SE) of adolescents in Germany. The study used a field experiment with a wait-list control group. Seventy-eight 8th-graders were included (age: 14.41 ± 0.71 years), with 37 randomly assigned for the intervention group and 41 for the control group. The intervention group participated in two half-day indoor wall climbing excursions (duration: 180 min each) based on SE building strategies. Both groups were pre-and post-tested in SE of indoor wall climbing and belaying. The control group did not receive any treatment before post-test. After the intervention, significant improvements were found in the experimental group on SE of belaying (F(1,76) = 23.45, p = 0.000, η2p = 0.24) using repeated-measures ANOVA. This study provides the first evidence from a German PES field experiment on increasing an important SE facet related to indoor wall climbing among 8th-graders. The program may be improved and further analyzed to install a short-term method to achieve one important educational goal within ordinary PES programs in Germany and to contribute to the personal development of the students. View Full-Text
Keywords: barriers self-efficacy; indoor wall climbing; belaying; physical education and sport; field experiment; physical activity; Germany barriers self-efficacy; indoor wall climbing; belaying; physical education and sport; field experiment; physical activity; Germany
MDPI and ACS Style

Krüger, M.; Seng, C. Effects of Short Practice of Climbing on Barriers Self-Efficacy within a Physical Education and Sport Intervention in Germany. Sports 2019, 7, 81. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7040081

AMA Style

Krüger M, Seng C. Effects of Short Practice of Climbing on Barriers Self-Efficacy within a Physical Education and Sport Intervention in Germany. Sports. 2019; 7(4):81. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7040081

Chicago/Turabian Style

Krüger, Mirko; Seng, Christiane. 2019. "Effects of Short Practice of Climbing on Barriers Self-Efficacy within a Physical Education and Sport Intervention in Germany" Sports 7, no. 4: 81. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7040081

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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