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Effects of Short Practice of Climbing on Barriers Self-Efficacy within a Physical Education and Sport Intervention in Germany

1
Division of Social and Behavioral Sport Sciences, University of Duisburg-Essen, 45141 Essen, Germany
2
Division of Sport and Education, University of Osnabrück, 49080 Osnabrück, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2019, 7(4), 81; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7040081
Received: 27 February 2019 / Revised: 26 March 2019 / Accepted: 2 April 2019 / Published: 4 April 2019
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Abstract

The study examined the effects of an indoor wall climbing intervention within the context of a regular Physical Education and Sport (PES) program on barriers self-efficacy (SE) of adolescents in Germany. The study used a field experiment with a wait-list control group. Seventy-eight 8th-graders were included (age: 14.41 ± 0.71 years), with 37 randomly assigned for the intervention group and 41 for the control group. The intervention group participated in two half-day indoor wall climbing excursions (duration: 180 min each) based on SE building strategies. Both groups were pre-and post-tested in SE of indoor wall climbing and belaying. The control group did not receive any treatment before post-test. After the intervention, significant improvements were found in the experimental group on SE of belaying (F(1,76) = 23.45, p = 0.000, η2p = 0.24) using repeated-measures ANOVA. This study provides the first evidence from a German PES field experiment on increasing an important SE facet related to indoor wall climbing among 8th-graders. The program may be improved and further analyzed to install a short-term method to achieve one important educational goal within ordinary PES programs in Germany and to contribute to the personal development of the students. View Full-Text
Keywords: barriers self-efficacy; indoor wall climbing; belaying; physical education and sport; field experiment; physical activity; Germany barriers self-efficacy; indoor wall climbing; belaying; physical education and sport; field experiment; physical activity; Germany
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Krüger, M.; Seng, C. Effects of Short Practice of Climbing on Barriers Self-Efficacy within a Physical Education and Sport Intervention in Germany. Sports 2019, 7, 81.

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