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Open AccessArticle

Concussion in University Level Sport: Knowledge and Awareness of Athletes and Coaches

1
School of Health Sciences, Liverpool Hope University, Hope Park, Liverpool L16 9JD, UK
2
Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool L3 5UA, UK
3
Institute for Sport, Physical Education & Health Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Scotland EH8 8AQ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2018, 6(4), 102; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6040102
Received: 4 September 2018 / Revised: 13 September 2018 / Accepted: 17 September 2018 / Published: 20 September 2018
Using a cross-sectional survey concussion knowledge was evaluated among forty university-level athletes (n = 20, rugby union players; n = 20, Gaelic football players) and eight experienced team coaches (n = 2, rugby union; n = 2, Gaelic football; n = 1, soccer; n = 1, hockey; n = 1, netball; n = 1, basketball). Levels of knowledge of concussion were high across all participants. Coaches had higher knowledge scores for almost all areas; however, there was evidence of important gaps even in this group. Knowledge was not sufficient in identifying concussion, and when it is safe to return to play following a concussion. Impaired knowledge of how to recognise a concussion, and misunderstanding the need for rest and rehabilitation before return to play presents a hazard to health from second impact and more catastrophic brain injury. We discuss reasons for these guideline misconceptions, and suggest that attitude issues on the significance of concussion may underlie a willingness to want to play with a concussion. This suggests the current education on sport-related concussion needs to be expanded for the appropriate management of university-level contact sports. View Full-Text
Keywords: sport-related concussion; signs; symptoms; return to play guidelines; traumatic brain injury sport-related concussion; signs; symptoms; return to play guidelines; traumatic brain injury
MDPI and ACS Style

Kirk, B.; Pugh, J.N.; Cousins, R.; Phillips, S.M. Concussion in University Level Sport: Knowledge and Awareness of Athletes and Coaches. Sports 2018, 6, 102.

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