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Sports 2018, 6(3), 85; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6030085

Seasonal and Longitudinal Changes in Body Composition by Sport-Position in NCAA Division I Basketball Athletes

1
Frank Pettrone Center for Sports Performance, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
2
Division of Health and Human Performance, George Mason University, Manassas, VA 20110, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 July 2018 / Revised: 17 August 2018 / Accepted: 20 August 2018 / Published: 22 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Improving Practice and Performance in Basketball)
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the body composition of male and female basketball athletes (n = 323) across season, year, and sport-position using air displacement plethysmography. An independent sample t-test assessed sport-position differences. An analysis of variance was used to assess within-subjects across season (pre-season, in-season, and off-season), and academic year (freshman, sophomore, and junior). For both men and women basketball (MBB, WBB) athletes, guards had the lowest body fat, fat mass, fat free mass, and body mass. No seasonal differences were observed in MBB, but following in-season play for WBB, a reduction of (p = 0.03) in fat free mass (FFM) was observed. Across years, MBB showed an increase in FFM from freshman to sophomore year, yet remained unchanged through junior year. For WBB across years, no differences occurred for body mass (BM), body fat (BF%), and fat mass (FM), yet FFM increased from sophomore to junior year (p = 0.009). Sport-position differences exist in MBB and WBB: Guards were found to be smaller and leaner than forwards. Due to the importance of body composition (BC) on athletic performance, along with seasonal and longitudinal shifts in BC, strength and conditioning practitioners should periodically assess athletes BC to ensure preservation of FFM. Training and nutrition programming can then be adjusted in response to changes in BC. View Full-Text
Keywords: body fat; collegiate athletes; fat free mass; women athletes body fat; collegiate athletes; fat free mass; women athletes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Fields, J.B.; Merrigan, J.J.; White, J.B.; Jones, M.T. Seasonal and Longitudinal Changes in Body Composition by Sport-Position in NCAA Division I Basketball Athletes. Sports 2018, 6, 85.

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