Next Article in Journal
Prescribing Target Running Intensities for High-School Athletes: Can Forward and Backward Running Performance Be Autoregulated?
Next Article in Special Issue
Validity, Reliability, and Application of the Session-RPE Method for Quantifying Training Loads during High Intensity Functional Training
Previous Article in Journal
Gait Pattern, Impact to the Skeleton and Postural Balance in Overweight and Obese Children: A Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Mood State Changes Accompanying the Crossfit Open™ Competition in Healthy Adults
Article Menu
Issue 3 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Sports 2018, 6(3), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6030076

High-Intensity Functional Training (HIFT): Definition and Research Implications for Improved Fitness

1
Department of Exercise Science and Sport Management, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA 30144, USA
2
Department of Kinesiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
3
School of Rehabilitation Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 2Z4, Canada
4
Institute of Biobehavioral Health Research, National Development and Research Institute, Leawood, KS 66211, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 June 2018 / Revised: 30 July 2018 / Accepted: 3 August 2018 / Published: 7 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research on High Intensity Functional Training)
Full-Text   |   PDF [299 KB, uploaded 7 August 2018]

Abstract

High-intensity functional training (HIFT) is an exercise modality that emphasizes functional, multi-joint movements that can be modified to any fitness level and elicit greater muscle recruitment than more traditional exercise. As a relatively new training modality, HIFT is often compared to high-intensity interval training (HIIT), yet the two are distinct. HIIT exercise is characterized by relatively short bursts of repeated vigorous activity, interspersed by periods of rest or low-intensity exercise for recovery, while HIFT utilizes constantly varied functional exercises and various activity durations that may or may not incorporate rest. Over the last decade, studies evaluating the effectiveness of HIIT programs have documented improvements in metabolic and cardiorespiratory adaptations; however, less is known about the effects of HIFT. The purpose of this manuscript is to provide a working definition of HIFT and review the available literature regarding its use to improve metabolic and cardiorespiratory adaptations in strength and conditioning programs among various populations. Additionally, we aim to create a definition that is used in future publications to evaluate more effectively the future impact of this type of training on health and fitness outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: athletes; military; first responders; exercise; general physical preparedness athletes; military; first responders; exercise; general physical preparedness
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Feito, Y.; Heinrich, K.M.; Butcher, S.J.; Poston, W.S.C. High-Intensity Functional Training (HIFT): Definition and Research Implications for Improved Fitness. Sports 2018, 6, 76.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sports EISSN 2075-4663 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top