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Predictors of Swimming Ability among Children and Adolescents in the United States

1
School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA
2
School of Health Studies, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
3
Office of Academic Innovation and Support Services, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2018, 6(1), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6010017
Received: 24 January 2018 / Revised: 15 February 2018 / Accepted: 20 February 2018 / Published: 24 February 2018
Swimming is an important source of physical activity and a life skill to prevent drowning. However, little research has been conducted to understand predictors of swimming ability. The purpose of this study was to understand factors that predict swimming ability among children and adolescents in the United States (US). This was a cross-sectional survey conducted between February and April of 2017 across five geographically diverse cities. Participants were accessed through the Young Christian Men’s Association (YMCA) and included parents of children aged 4–11 years old and adolescents aged 12–17 years old. Independent t-test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. Several factors were significant (p ≤ 0.05) predictors of swimming ability and explained 53% of the variance in swimming ability. Variables that were positively associated with swimming ability included: ability of parent(s) to swim, child/adolescent age, a best friend who enjoys swimming, water-safety knowledge, pool open all year, and encouragement to swim from parent(s). Variables that were negatively associated with swimming ability included: fear of drowning, being African American, and being female. Interventions and programs to improve the swimming ability of children and adolescents could be developed with these predictors in mind. View Full-Text
Keywords: swimming; swimming ability; physical activity; health promotion; drowning prevention swimming; swimming ability; physical activity; health promotion; drowning prevention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pharr, J.; Irwin, C.; Layne, T.; Irwin, R. Predictors of Swimming Ability among Children and Adolescents in the United States. Sports 2018, 6, 17. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6010017

AMA Style

Pharr J, Irwin C, Layne T, Irwin R. Predictors of Swimming Ability among Children and Adolescents in the United States. Sports. 2018; 6(1):17. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6010017

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pharr, Jennifer, Carol Irwin, Todd Layne, and Richard Irwin. 2018. "Predictors of Swimming Ability among Children and Adolescents in the United States" Sports 6, no. 1: 17. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6010017

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