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The Influence of Various Distraction Stimuli on Affective Responses during Recumbent Cycle Ergometry

Department of Exercise Science, Elon University, Elon, NC 27244, USA
Department of Health and Human Performance, Elon University, Elon, NC 27244, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Eling de Bruin
Sports 2016, 4(2), 21;
Received: 17 December 2015 / Revised: 2 March 2016 / Accepted: 14 March 2016 / Published: 23 March 2016
PDF [180 KB, uploaded 23 March 2016]


(1) Background: Acute bouts of exercise have been associated with affective changes. Exercise supplemented with distraction may divert attention from unpleasant feelings commonly associated with exercise to more pleasant feelings. The purpose of this study was to compare affective responses to exercise with and without distraction. (2) Methods: 25 individuals volunteered for this investigation and completed all three conditions. This study included three 30 min cycle ergometry exercise conditions, a control condition with no stimuli and two test conditions; one supplemented with a self-selected video and the other self-selected music. The Feeling Scale (FS) was administered prior to, every 10 min during, immediately following, and 10 min post exercise. (3) Results: These data demonstrate a significant condition effect for FS during exercise. The condition effect was due to FS being greater in the video and distraction conditions. There was no time by condition interaction seen during exercise. (4) Conclusion: These data indicate that distraction may be effective in supporting a more pleasant exercise experience and could potentially increase exercise adherence. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; distraction; feeling scale; affect exercise; distraction; feeling scale; affect
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Miller, P.C.; Hall, E.E.; Bailey, E.K. The Influence of Various Distraction Stimuli on Affective Responses during Recumbent Cycle Ergometry. Sports 2016, 4, 21.

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