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Article

Effect of Different Light Spectrum in Helicoverpa armigera Larvae during HearNPV Induced Tree-Top Disease

1
State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
2
Department of Entomology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally.
Insects 2018, 9(4), 183; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040183
Received: 9 October 2018 / Revised: 15 November 2018 / Accepted: 20 November 2018 / Published: 4 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insect Immunity and Pathology)
Lepidopteran larvae upon infection by baculovirus show positive photo-tactic movement during tree-top disease. In light of many insects exploiting specific spectral information for the different behavioral decision, each spectral wavelength of light is an individual parsimonious candidate for such behavior stimulation. Here, we investigated the responses of third instar Helicoverpa armigera larvae infected by Helicoverpa armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus (HearNPV) to white (broad-spectrum), blue (450–490 nm), UVA (320–400 nm), and UVB (290–320 nm) lights for the tree-top disease. Our findings suggest that tree-top phenomenon is induced only when the light is applied from above. Blue, white and UVA lights from above induced tree-top disease, causing infected larvae to die in an elevated position compared to those larvae living in the complete dark. In contrast, UVB from above did not induce tree-top disease. Blue light exerted the maximum photo-tactic response, significantly (p < 0.01) higher than white light. The magnitude of the response decreased with decreasing wavelength to UVA, and no response at UVB. Our results suggested that the spectral wavelength of the light has a significant effect on the induction of the tree-top disease in H. armigera third instar larvae infected with HearNPV. View Full-Text
Keywords: baculovirus; behavior manipulation; Helicoverpa armigera larvae; phototaxis; tree-top disease baculovirus; behavior manipulation; Helicoverpa armigera larvae; phototaxis; tree-top disease
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bhattarai, M.K.; Bhattarai, U.R.; Feng, J.-n.; Wang, D. Effect of Different Light Spectrum in Helicoverpa armigera Larvae during HearNPV Induced Tree-Top Disease. Insects 2018, 9, 183. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040183

AMA Style

Bhattarai MK, Bhattarai UR, Feng J-n, Wang D. Effect of Different Light Spectrum in Helicoverpa armigera Larvae during HearNPV Induced Tree-Top Disease. Insects. 2018; 9(4):183. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040183

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bhattarai, Mandira Katuwal, Upendra Raj Bhattarai, Ji-nian Feng, and Dun Wang. 2018. "Effect of Different Light Spectrum in Helicoverpa armigera Larvae during HearNPV Induced Tree-Top Disease" Insects 9, no. 4: 183. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040183

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