Next Article in Journal
Use of an Argentine Ant, Linepithema humile, Semiochemical to Deliver an Acute Toxicant
Next Article in Special Issue
Distribution and Relative Abundance of Insect Vectors of Xylella fastidiosa in Olive Groves of the Iberian Peninsula
Previous Article in Journal
Field and Laboratory Studies on the Ecology, Reproduction, and Adult Diapause of the Asian Comma Butterfly, Polygonia c-aureum L. (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Development of a Diagnostic Marker for Phlebotomus papatasi to Initiate a Potential Vector Surveillance Program in North America
Open AccessReview

A Review of Sampling and Monitoring Methods for Beneficial Arthropods in Agroecosystems

Department of Biological Sciences, Western Illinois University, 1 University Circle, Macomb, IL 61455, USA
Insects 2018, 9(4), 170; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040170
Received: 12 September 2018 / Revised: 10 November 2018 / Accepted: 19 November 2018 / Published: 23 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Insect Monitoring and Trapping in Agricultural Systems)
Beneficial arthropods provide many important ecosystem services. In agroecosystems, pollination and control of crop pests provide benefits worth billions of dollars annually. Effective sampling and monitoring of these beneficial arthropods is essential for ensuring their short- and long-term viability and effectiveness. There are numerous methods available for sampling beneficial arthropods in a variety of habitats, and these methods can vary in efficiency and effectiveness. In this paper I review active and passive sampling methods for non-Apis bees and arthropod natural enemies of agricultural pests, including methods for sampling flying insects, arthropods on vegetation and in soil and litter environments, and estimation of predation and parasitism rates. Sample sizes, lethal sampling, and the potential usefulness of bycatch are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: sampling methodology; bee monitoring; beneficial arthropods; natural enemy monitoring; vane traps; Malaise traps; bowl traps; pitfall traps; insect netting; epigeic arthropod sampling sampling methodology; bee monitoring; beneficial arthropods; natural enemy monitoring; vane traps; Malaise traps; bowl traps; pitfall traps; insect netting; epigeic arthropod sampling
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

McCravy, K.W. A Review of Sampling and Monitoring Methods for Beneficial Arthropods in Agroecosystems. Insects 2018, 9, 170. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040170

AMA Style

McCravy KW. A Review of Sampling and Monitoring Methods for Beneficial Arthropods in Agroecosystems. Insects. 2018; 9(4):170. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040170

Chicago/Turabian Style

McCravy, Kenneth W. 2018. "A Review of Sampling and Monitoring Methods for Beneficial Arthropods in Agroecosystems" Insects 9, no. 4: 170. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9040170

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop