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Insects 2018, 9(3), 111; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects9030111

Quiescence in Aedes aegypti: Interpopulation Differences Contribute to Population Dynamics and Vectorial Capacity

1
Departamento de Zoologia, Centro de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife 50670-901, Brazil
2
Departamento de Morfologia, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), São Cristóvão 49100-000, Brazil
3
Departamento de Educação em Saúde, Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Lagarto 49400-000, Brazil
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 July 2018 / Revised: 19 August 2018 / Accepted: 23 August 2018 / Published: 1 September 2018
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Abstract

The strategy of Aedes aegypti to prolong embryonic viability by quiescence has severe implications for geographic expansion and maintenance of mosquito populations in areas under control measures. We evaluated the effects of quiescence on biological parameters directly or indirectly associated with population dynamics and vectorial capacity in populations of this mosquito species from two Brazilian municipalities characterized as dengue, chikungunya, and Zika transmission areas. Egg viability, initial hatching time, post-embryonic development time, adult emergence rate, sexual proportion, adult size, fecundity, and fertility were analyzed using eggs stored for 10, 40, 70, 100, 130, and 160 d. Quiescence time reduced overall egg viability and post-embryonic development time in both municipalities but was more costly in Aracaju (100 d, 8 d) than in Recife (130 d, 7.5 d). Emergence rates increased in Recife when the eggs were older, but not in Aracaju. Significant deviations in sexual proportion, with male predominance, were observed in both populations. Initial hatch, fecundity, fertility, and adult size did not significantly influence egg quiescence time. These results indicate intrinsic and differential characteristics for each A. aegypti population, suggesting a differential cost of quiescence for population dynamics parameters that can indirectly affect vectorial capacity and control measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: biological cycle; Culicidae; desiccation resistance; development; egg dormancy; fitness; mosquito; plasticity; reproduction biological cycle; Culicidae; desiccation resistance; development; egg dormancy; fitness; mosquito; plasticity; reproduction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Oliva, L.O.; La Corte, R.; Santana, M.O.; Albuquerque, C.M.R. Quiescence in Aedes aegypti: Interpopulation Differences Contribute to Population Dynamics and Vectorial Capacity. Insects 2018, 9, 111.

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