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Complex Messages in Long-Term Monitoring of Regal Fritillary (Speyeria idalia) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the State of Wisconsin, USA, 1988–2015
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Speyeria (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) Conservation

Blue Imago LLC 1973 Rule Ave., Maryland Heights, MO 63043, USA
Academic Editor: Jaret C. Daniels
Insects 2017, 8(2), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects8020045
Received: 20 February 2017 / Revised: 6 April 2017 / Accepted: 18 April 2017 / Published: 25 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Butterfly Conservation)
Speyeria (Nymphalidae) are a conspicuous component of the North American butterfly fauna. There are approximately 16 species and >100 associated subspecies (or geographical variants). Speyeria are univoltine, occupy a wide range of habitats, overwinter as first instar larvae, and feed only on native violets. Speyeria species have become a model group for studies of evolution, speciation, and conservation. Several species and subspecies are threatened or endangered. The reasons for this vary with the taxa involved, but always involve the degradation or loss of quality habitat for larvae and adults. The impacts of climate change must be considered among the causes for habitat degradation and in the establishment of conservation measures. In addition to increasing the available habitat, conservation efforts should consider maintaining habitat in a seral “disturbed” successional stage that selectively favors the growth of violets and preferred adult nectar sources. A major future challenge will be determining the most effective allocation of conservation resources to those species and subspecies that have the greatest potential to respond favorably to these efforts. View Full-Text
Keywords: Speyeria; conservation; habitats; life history; violets; populations; climate Speyeria; conservation; habitats; life history; violets; populations; climate
MDPI and ACS Style

Sims, S.R. Speyeria (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) Conservation. Insects 2017, 8, 45. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects8020045

AMA Style

Sims SR. Speyeria (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) Conservation. Insects. 2017; 8(2):45. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects8020045

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sims, Steven R. 2017. "Speyeria (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) Conservation" Insects 8, no. 2: 45. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects8020045

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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