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Efficacy of Two Neonicotinoid Insecticides against Invasive Wood Borer Aromia bungii Larvae in Dietary Toxicity Test

1
Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Matsunosato 1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8687, Japan
2
Kansai Research Center, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, Nagaikyutaroh 68, Momoyama-cho, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto 612-0855, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jian J. Duan
Insects 2021, 12(7), 592; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12070592
Received: 14 June 2021 / Revised: 24 June 2021 / Accepted: 26 June 2021 / Published: 29 June 2021
This study investigated the effects of two neonicotinoid insecticides (thiamethoxam and dinotefuran) on alien wood borer Aromia bungii, which invaded Japan recently. Small neonates and large larvae were fed artificial diet with different insecticide concentrations and then reared for 3 (neonates) or 12 (large larvae) weeks in the laboratory. Diet excavation immediately dropped in larvae exposed to high concentrations of both insecticides (≥1 ppm in neonates and ≥10 ppm in large larvae). Their growth was significantly suppressed, and the survival rate gradually declined over time (≥87% decline over 12 weeks in large larvae). These effects were similar between neonates and large larvae, but neonates were affected more by lower insecticide concentrations than large larvae. The two insecticides gradually debilitate A. bungii larvae. In practical use, rapid suppression of A. bungii wood boring damage can be expected by injecting these insecticides into infested trees. However, a relatively long–term retention of the insecticides may be required to kill the larvae in the trees, especially large larvae. Neonates may be controlled with less insecticides and shorter exposure than large larvae.
In recent years, insecticide trunk injection was put into practical use for controlling wood boring pests. However, few studies have investigated the dose–response relationships between insecticides and wood–boring pests in detail. This study used two commercial formulations of the neonicotinoid insecticides thiamethoxam and dinotefuran and investigated their dose–response relationships with invasive wood borer Aromia bungii (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) larvae. Neonates and late instar larvae were reared with an artificial diet containing different insecticide concentrations (0.01–100 ppm) in the laboratory, and their diet excavation activity, survival rate, and weight change were recorded. Diet excavation immediately dropped in larvae exposed to high concentrations of thiamethoxam or dinotefuran (≥1 ppm in neonates and ≥10 ppm in late instar larvae). The weight and survival rate gradually declined over 12 weeks in late instar larvae. These results suggest that the two neonicotinoids intoxicate and debilitate A. bungii larvae gradually to death. In practical use, rapid suppression of A. bungii wood boring damage can be expected by trunk injection of neonicotinoid insecticides. However, a relatively long-term retention of the insecticides may be required to kill large larvae. Neonates may be controlled with lower insecticide dosage and shorter exposure than larger larvae. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aromia bungii; biological invasions; Cerambycidae; chemical control; dinotefuran; neonicotinoids; pest management; thiamethoxam; wood boring insects Aromia bungii; biological invasions; Cerambycidae; chemical control; dinotefuran; neonicotinoids; pest management; thiamethoxam; wood boring insects
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sunamura, E.; Tamura, S.; Taki, H.; Sato, H.; Shoda-Kagaya, E.; Urano, T. Efficacy of Two Neonicotinoid Insecticides against Invasive Wood Borer Aromia bungii Larvae in Dietary Toxicity Test. Insects 2021, 12, 592. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12070592

AMA Style

Sunamura E, Tamura S, Taki H, Sato H, Shoda-Kagaya E, Urano T. Efficacy of Two Neonicotinoid Insecticides against Invasive Wood Borer Aromia bungii Larvae in Dietary Toxicity Test. Insects. 2021; 12(7):592. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12070592

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sunamura, Eiriki, Shigeaki Tamura, Hisatomo Taki, Hiroki Sato, Etsuko Shoda-Kagaya, and Tadahisa Urano. 2021. "Efficacy of Two Neonicotinoid Insecticides against Invasive Wood Borer Aromia bungii Larvae in Dietary Toxicity Test" Insects 12, no. 7: 592. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects12070592

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