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Endophytic Isolates of Cordyceps fumosorosea to Enhance the Growth of Solanum melongena and Reduce the Survival of Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci)

1
Key Laboratory of Bio-Pesticide Innovation and Application, Guangzhou 510642, China
2
Engineering Research Center of Biological Control, Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
3
Shaoyang Tobacco Company, Shaoyang 422100, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Insects 2020, 11(2), 78; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11020078
Received: 22 November 2019 / Revised: 7 January 2020 / Accepted: 17 January 2020 / Published: 22 January 2020
This study reports the effects of seed treatment with Cordyceps fumosorosea on seed germination, growth, colonization of eggplant (Solanum melongena), and growth of Bemisia tabaci (feeding on fungal colonized eggplant leaves). Germination rates of eggplant seeds were similar among different treatments. The growth parameters such as root length, shoot length, and number of leaves) differed significantly after 15, 30, and 60 days of seed treatment. The total dry weight of eggplant in response to treatment with C. fumosorosea isolates increased significantly when compared with the control. Both isolates of C. fumosorosea colonized different plant tissues, although the extent of colonization decreased during the experimental period. The colonization of eggplants by both C. fumosorosea isolates resulted in a significant reduction of B. tabaci incidence. This study possibly provides the first report of increased plant growth and increased insect mortality in eggplants inoculated with C. fumosorosea isolates. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cordyceps fumosorosea; Solanum melongena; Bemisia tabaci; entomopathogenic fungi; endophytic isolates Cordyceps fumosorosea; Solanum melongena; Bemisia tabaci; entomopathogenic fungi; endophytic isolates
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Sun, T.; Shen, Z.; Shaukat, M.; Du, C.; Ali, S. Endophytic Isolates of Cordyceps fumosorosea to Enhance the Growth of Solanum melongena and Reduce the Survival of Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci). Insects 2020, 11, 78.

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