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Open AccessCommunication

Invasive Agricultural Pest Drosophila suzukii (Diptera, Drosophilidae) Appeared in the Russian Caucasus

A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119071 Moscow, Russia
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Insects 2020, 11(11), 826; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11110826
Received: 22 October 2020 / Revised: 18 November 2020 / Accepted: 19 November 2020 / Published: 23 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Invasive Arthropod Pests)
Spotted-wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii, is one of the most important invasive pests of fruit and wine production worldwide. This species feeds on cherry, raspberry, blackberry, blueberry, strawberry, peach, plums, grape, and other soft fruits. It causes significant damage because, unlike most other Drosophila species, it oviposits and feeds on healthy fruits. Drosophila suzukii is native to East Asia and has been rapidly spreading through Europe, where it is considered a quarantine pest, since 2008. Herein, we report the first records of spotted wing drosophila in European Russia. In 2017 and 2020, we placed baited traps in different districts of the resort city of Sochi (Black sea Coast of the Caucasus, Krasnodar Territory, Russia) and collected 49 adults of this species. They were identified by the typical female ovipositor, spotted wings of the males, and other characters. Krasnodar Territory is one of the main fruit-producing regions of Russia. Therefore, populations of this pest should be monitored and measures to minimize economic damage should be taken.
Spotted-wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) is one of the most important invasive pests of fruit and wine production worldwide. This species feeds on Prunus spp., Rubus spp., Fragaria spp. (Rosaceae), Vaccinium spp. (Ericaceae), Vitis spp. (Vitaceae), and other soft fruits. It causes significant damage because, unlike most other Drosophila species, it oviposits and feeds on healthy fruits. Drosophila suzukii is a quarantine pest that is included on the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO) A2 List. This species is native to East Asia and has been rapidly spreading through Europe since 2008. Herein, we report the first records of D. suzukii in European Russia. In 2017 and 2020, we placed baited traps in different districts of the resort city of Sochi (Black sea Coast of the Caucasus, Krasnodar Territory, Russia). Three specimens of D. suzukii were collected in June 2017, two specimens in September 2017, and 44 specimens in September 2020. Specimens were identified by the typical female ovipositor, spotted wings of the males, and other morphological characters. Krasnodar Territory is one of the main fruit-producing regions of Russia. Therefore, populations of this pest should be monitored and measures to minimize economic damage should be taken. View Full-Text
Keywords: invasive species; spotted-wing drosophila; quarantine pest; European Russia invasive species; spotted-wing drosophila; quarantine pest; European Russia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bieńkowski, A.O.; Orlova-Bienkowskaja, M.J. Invasive Agricultural Pest Drosophila suzukii (Diptera, Drosophilidae) Appeared in the Russian Caucasus. Insects 2020, 11, 826. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11110826

AMA Style

Bieńkowski AO, Orlova-Bienkowskaja MJ. Invasive Agricultural Pest Drosophila suzukii (Diptera, Drosophilidae) Appeared in the Russian Caucasus. Insects. 2020; 11(11):826. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11110826

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bieńkowski, Andrzej O.; Orlova-Bienkowskaja, Marina J. 2020. "Invasive Agricultural Pest Drosophila suzukii (Diptera, Drosophilidae) Appeared in the Russian Caucasus" Insects 11, no. 11: 826. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11110826

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